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Sensors 2014, 14(10), 18748-18783;

A Comprehensive WSN-Based Approach to Efficiently Manage a Smart Grid

Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT), Campus Muralla del Mar, E-30202 Cartagena, Spain
School of Engineering & Physical Sciences Mountbatten Building Edinburgh, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS Scotland, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2014 / Revised: 6 September 2014 / Accepted: 26 September 2014 / Published: 10 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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The Smart Grid (SG) is conceived as the evolution of the current electrical grid representing a big leap in terms of efficiency, reliability and flexibility compared to today’s electrical network. To achieve this goal, the Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are considered by the scientific/engineering community to be one of the most suitable technologies to apply SG technology to due to their low-cost, collaborative and long-standing nature. However, the SG has posed significant challenges to utility operators—mainly very harsh radio propagation conditions and the lack of appropriate systems to empower WSN devices—making most of the commercial widespread solutions inadequate. In this context, and as a main contribution, we have designed a comprehensive ad-hoc WSN-based solution for the Smart Grid (SENSED-SG) that focuses on specific implementations of the MAC, the network and the application layers to attain maximum performance and to successfully deal with any arising hurdles. Our approach has been exhaustively evaluated by computer simulations and mathematical analysis, as well as validation within real test-beds deployed in controlled environments. In particular, these test-beds cover two of the main scenarios found in a SG; on one hand, an indoor electrical substation environment, implemented in a High Voltage AC/DC laboratory, and, on the other hand, an outdoor case, deployed in the Transmission and Distribution segment of a power grid. The results obtained show that SENSED-SG performs better and is more suitable for the Smart Grid than the popular ZigBee WSN approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; wireless sensor network; power asset; IEEE 802.15.4; MicaZ smart grid; wireless sensor network; power asset; IEEE 802.15.4; MicaZ

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Martinez-Sandoval, R.; Garcia-Sanchez, A.-J.; Garcia-Sanchez, F.; Garcia-Haro, J.; Flynn, D. A Comprehensive WSN-Based Approach to Efficiently Manage a Smart Grid. Sensors 2014, 14, 18748-18783.

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