Next Article in Journal
Comparison of Piezoresistive Monofilament Polymer Sensors
Next Article in Special Issue
Wearable Gait Measurement System with an Instrumented Cane for Exoskeleton Control
Previous Article in Journal
Adjustment of Measurements with Multiplicative Errors: Error Analysis, Estimates of the Variance of Unit Weight, and Effect on Volume Estimation from LiDAR-Type Digital Elevation Models
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Wireless Flexible Sensorized Insole for Gait Analysis
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2014, 14(1), 1267-1277;

Recommendations for Standardizing Validation Procedures Assessing Physical Activity of Older Persons by Monitoring Body Postures and Movements

Department of Clinical Gerontology and Rehabilitation, Robert-Bosch-Hospital, Stuttgart 70376, Germany
Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne 50933, Germany
Laboratory of Movement Analysis and Measurement, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne 1015, Switzerland
School of Health and Life Science, Institute of Applied Health Research, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland, UK
Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Zurich 8092, Switzerland
Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim 7491, Norway
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Erasmus MC University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam 3015, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2013 / Revised: 26 December 2013 / Accepted: 7 January 2014 / Published: 10 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Gait Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [232 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


Physical activity is an important determinant of health and well-being in older persons and contributes to their social participation and quality of life. Hence, assessment tools are needed to study this physical activity in free-living conditions. Wearable motion sensing technology is used to assess physical activity. However, there is a lack of harmonisation of validation protocols and applied statistics, which make it hard to compare available and future studies. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to formulate recommendations for assessing the validity of sensor-based activity monitoring in older persons with focus on the measurement of body postures and movements. Validation studies of body-worn devices providing parameters on body postures and movements were identified and summarized and an extensive inter-active process between authors resulted in recommendations about: information on the assessed persons, the technical system, and the analysis of relevant parameters of physical activity, based on a standardized and semi-structured protocol. The recommended protocols can be regarded as a first attempt to standardize validity studies in the area of monitoring physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: activity monitoring; older persons; physical activity; validation activity monitoring; older persons; physical activity; validation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lindemann, U.; Zijlstra, W.; Aminian, K.; Chastin, S.F.; De Bruin, E.D.; Helbostad, J.L.; Bussmann, J.B. Recommendations for Standardizing Validation Procedures Assessing Physical Activity of Older Persons by Monitoring Body Postures and Movements. Sensors 2014, 14, 1267-1277.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top