Smart Sensor for Real-Time Quantification of Common Symptoms Present in Unhealthy Plants
AbstractPlant responses to physiological function disorders are called symptoms and they are caused principally by pathogens and nutritional deficiencies. Plant symptoms are commonly used as indicators of the health and nutrition status of plants. Nowadays, the most popular method to quantify plant symptoms is based on visual estimations, consisting on evaluations that raters give based on their observation of plant symptoms; however, this method is inaccurate and imprecise because of its obvious subjectivity. Computational Vision has been employed in plant symptom quantification because of its accuracy and precision. Nevertheless, the systems developed so far lack in-situ, real-time and multi-symptom analysis. There exist methods to obtain information about the health and nutritional status of plants based on reflectance and chlorophyll fluorescence, but they use expensive equipment and are frequently destructive. Therefore, systems able of quantifying plant symptoms overcoming the aforementioned disadvantages that can serve as indicators of health and nutrition in plants are desirable. This paper reports an FPGA-based smart sensor able to perform non-destructive, real-time and in-situ analysis of leaf images to quantify multiple symptoms presented by diseased and malnourished plants; this system can serve as indicator of the health and nutrition in plants. The effectiveness of the proposed smart-sensor was successfully tested by analyzing diseased and malnourished plants. View Full-Text
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Contreras-Medina, L.M.; Osornio-Rios, R.A.; Torres-Pacheco, I.; Romero-Troncoso, R.J.; Guevara-González, R.G.; Millan-Almaraz, J.R. Smart Sensor for Real-Time Quantification of Common Symptoms Present in Unhealthy Plants. Sensors 2012, 12, 784-805.
Contreras-Medina LM, Osornio-Rios RA, Torres-Pacheco I, Romero-Troncoso RJ, Guevara-González RG, Millan-Almaraz JR. Smart Sensor for Real-Time Quantification of Common Symptoms Present in Unhealthy Plants. Sensors. 2012; 12(1):784-805.Chicago/Turabian Style
Contreras-Medina, Luis M.; Osornio-Rios, Roque A.; Torres-Pacheco, Irineo; Romero-Troncoso, Rene de J.; Guevara-González, Ramon G.; Millan-Almaraz, Jesus R. 2012. "Smart Sensor for Real-Time Quantification of Common Symptoms Present in Unhealthy Plants." Sensors 12, no. 1: 784-805.