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Loss of European Dry Heaths in NW Spain: A Case Study
GI 1934-TB (Territorio, Biodiversidade), Instituto de Biodiversidade Agraria e Desenvolvemento Rural (IBADER), Universidade de Santiago, Campus de Lugo s/n, Lugo E-27002, Spain
Departamento de Bioloxía Vexetal e Ciencias do Solo, Facultade de Ciencias, Universidade de Vigo, Campus de Marcosende s/n, Vigo E-36310, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 May 2013; in revised form: 21 June 2013 / Accepted: 16 July 2013 / Published: 2 August 2013
Abstract: Natural habitats are continuing to deteriorate in Europe with an increasing number of wild species which are also seriously threatened. Consequently, a coherent European ecological network (Natura 2000) for conservation of natural habitats and the wild fauna and flora (Council Directive 92/43/EEC) was created. Even so, there is currently no standardized methodology for surveillance and assessment of habitats, a lack that it is particularly problematic for those habitats occupying large areas (heathlands, forests, dunes, wetlands) and which require a great deal of effort to be monitored. In this paper we evaluate the changes affecting the European dry heaths (Nat-2000 4030) from the SCI Os Ancares–O Courel (Galicia, NW Spain) during the past decade. High-resolution aerial imagery analyses and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were used. Losses of more than 7,000 ha (20.3%) of European dry heaths were computed during the 2003–2011 period in the SCI Os Ancares–O Courel, and also an increase of the degree of fragmentation was demonstrated for this habitat. Paradoxically, major impacts (afforestations, pasturelands) were financed by agri-environmental funds from the EU. Rather than promote biodiversity, these activities have provoked serious damages in this habitat of community interest, which is in complete opposition to the objectives of protection involved in the declaration of the SCI Os Ancares–O Courel.
Keywords: European dry heaths; habitat loss; fragmentation; Natura 2000; Council Directive 92/43/EEC; surveillance; monitoring; GIS; high-resolution images
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Ramil Rego, P.; Rodríguez Guitián, M.A.; López Castro, H.; Ferreiro da Costa, J.; Muñoz Sobrino, C. Loss of European Dry Heaths in NW Spain: A Case Study. Diversity 2013, 5, 557-580.
Ramil Rego P, Rodríguez Guitián MA, López Castro H, Ferreiro da Costa J, Muñoz Sobrino C. Loss of European Dry Heaths in NW Spain: A Case Study. Diversity. 2013; 5(3):557-580.
Ramil Rego, Pablo; Rodríguez Guitián, Manuel A.; López Castro, Hugo; Ferreiro da Costa, Javier; Muñoz Sobrino, Castor. 2013. "Loss of European Dry Heaths in NW Spain: A Case Study." Diversity 5, no. 3: 557-580.