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Article

Diversity of Periphytic Chironomidae on Different Substrate Types in a Floodplain Aquatic Ecosystem

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Department of Biology, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Cara Hadrijana 8/A, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
2
Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, University of Niš, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marina Vilenica, Zohar Yanai and Laurent Vuataz
Diversity 2022, 14(4), 264; https://doi.org/10.3390/d14040264
Received: 30 January 2022 / Revised: 28 March 2022 / Accepted: 28 March 2022 / Published: 31 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aquatic Insects: Biodiversity, Ecology and Conservation Challenges)
Different types of water bodies in lowland river floodplains represent vital biodiversity havens and encompass diverse microhabitats, which are essential for structuring different macroinvertebrate communities. Chironomidae larvae (Diptera) are an inseparable part of these communities, with their high richness and abundance. In three water body types within the Danube floodplain Kopački Rit in Croatia, over the course of four sampling campaigns, we recorded 51 chironomid taxa in periphyton on macrophytes, twigs, and glass slides. The most diverse were chironomid communities on macrophytes, whilst month-old periphyton on twigs supported the least taxa. Cricotopus gr. sylvestris, Dicrotendipes lobiger, Dicrotendipes spp., Endochironomus albipennis, Glyptotendipes pallens agg., Polypedilum sordens and Polypedilum spp. were present in all studied microhabitats. The type of substrate is a very important factor influencing Chironomidae diversity and abundance, which was evident in the presence and dominance of Corynoneura gr. scutellata and Monopelopia tenuicalcar in the dense macrophyte canopy epiphyton. Finding pristine floodplains such as Kopački Rit can be very challenging, as such areas are increasingly altered by human activities. Studies of resident species and the extent to which changes in the parent river influence floodplain communities are important for the protection and restoration of the floodplains. View Full-Text
Keywords: chironomid larvae; taxonomic diversity; substrate preference; Danube; floodplain chironomid larvae; taxonomic diversity; substrate preference; Danube; floodplain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Čerba, D.; Koh, M.; Vlaičević, B.; Turković Čakalić, I.; Milošević, D.; Stojković Piperac, M. Diversity of Periphytic Chironomidae on Different Substrate Types in a Floodplain Aquatic Ecosystem. Diversity 2022, 14, 264. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14040264

AMA Style

Čerba D, Koh M, Vlaičević B, Turković Čakalić I, Milošević D, Stojković Piperac M. Diversity of Periphytic Chironomidae on Different Substrate Types in a Floodplain Aquatic Ecosystem. Diversity. 2022; 14(4):264. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14040264

Chicago/Turabian Style

Čerba, Dubravka, Miran Koh, Barbara Vlaičević, Ivana Turković Čakalić, Djuradj Milošević, and Milica Stojković Piperac. 2022. "Diversity of Periphytic Chironomidae on Different Substrate Types in a Floodplain Aquatic Ecosystem" Diversity 14, no. 4: 264. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14040264

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