Next Article in Journal
Composition and Potential Functions of Rhizobacterial Communities in a Pioneer Plant from Andean Altiplano
Next Article in Special Issue
Nematode Assemblages Development Twenty-One Years after the Introduction of Meadow Soil into Bare Post Mining Spoil Heap
Previous Article in Journal
Determining Plant Diversity within Interconnected Natural Habitat Remnants (Ecological Network) in an Agricultural Landscape: A Matter of Sampling Design?
 
 
Article

Reclaimed Mine Sites: Forests and Plant Diversity

1
Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 16500 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Department of Water Resources and Environmental Modeling, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 16500 Prague, Czech Republic
3
Department of Land Use and Improvement, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 16500 Praha, Czech Republic
4
Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University, 12801 Prague, Czech Republic
5
Department of Functional Ecology, Institute of Botany, The Czech Academy of Sciences, 37982 Trebon, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Wink
Diversity 2022, 14(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/d14010013
Received: 10 December 2021 / Revised: 23 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 28 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Ecosystem Restoration after Disturbances)
The relationship between vegetation and selected soil characteristics in different monoculture forest types was investigated as part of a landscape restoration project after brown coal mining. Six forest types were selected: alder (Alnus sp.), spruce (Picea sp.), pine (Pinus sp.), larch (Larix sp.), long-term deciduous forest (Quercus robur, Tilia sp.), and forest created by spontaneous succession. These stands were classified into two age categories (younger and older). The soil attributes, C/N, TC, TN, pH, and A horizon depth were assessed. The observed species were categorized into functional groups by life history, life forms according to Raunkiær, and affinity to the forest environment. C/N ratio, humus thickness, and canopy cover were the main soil parameters affecting plant communities. The highest C/N values were recorded in Pinus and Larix stands, which were significantly different from deciduous and succession stands. The highest diversity index was noted in younger stands of Alnus and the lowest in younger stands of Picea. Intermediate values of the diversity index were achieved in successional stands at both age levels and in Larix and Alnus stands. The species belonging to a functional group was not an important factor in these habitat types. The species composition and vegetation change over time in the Alnus, long-life deciduous, and Larix stands show that these species are more suitable for forestry reclamation than spruce or pine. The study also emphasizes the great value of spontaneous succession areas as full-fledged alternatives to forestry reclamation. View Full-Text
Keywords: forestry reclamation; spontaneous succession; plant diversity; spoil heaps; C/N forestry reclamation; spontaneous succession; plant diversity; spoil heaps; C/N
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vachova, P.; Vach, M.; Skalicky, M.; Walmsley, A.; Berka, M.; Kraus, K.; Hnilickova, H.; Vinduskova, O.; Mudrak, O. Reclaimed Mine Sites: Forests and Plant Diversity. Diversity 2022, 14, 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14010013

AMA Style

Vachova P, Vach M, Skalicky M, Walmsley A, Berka M, Kraus K, Hnilickova H, Vinduskova O, Mudrak O. Reclaimed Mine Sites: Forests and Plant Diversity. Diversity. 2022; 14(1):13. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14010013

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vachova, Pavla, Marek Vach, Milan Skalicky, Alena Walmsley, Martin Berka, Kamil Kraus, Helena Hnilickova, Olga Vinduskova, and Ondrej Mudrak. 2022. "Reclaimed Mine Sites: Forests and Plant Diversity" Diversity 14, no. 1: 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14010013

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop