Next Article in Journal
Floristic Groups, and Changes in Diversity and Structure of Trees, in Tropical Montane Forests in the Southern Andes of Ecuador
Next Article in Special Issue
Comparative Phylogeography of Southern African Bird Species Suggests an Ephemeral Speciation Model
Previous Article in Journal
Retinoic Acid Signaling in Vertebrate Hindbrain Segmentation: Evolution and Diversification
Previous Article in Special Issue
Seasonal Climate Impacts on Vocal Activity in Two Neotropical Nonpasserines
 
 
Article

Bioacoustics Reveal Hidden Diversity in Frogs: Two New Species of the Genus Limnonectes from Myanmar (Amphibia, Anura, Dicroglossidae)

1
Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt a.M., Germany
2
Zoology Department, East Yangon University, Thanlyin 11291, Yangon, Myanmar
3
LOEWE Centre for Translational Biodiversity Genomics (LOEWE-TBG), Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt a.M., Germany
4
Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre, Georg-Voigt-Straße 14-16, 60325 Frankfurt a.M., Germany
5
Institute of Insect Biotechnology, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392 Gießen, Germany
6
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luc Legal
Diversity 2021, 13(9), 399; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13090399
Received: 19 July 2021 / Revised: 9 August 2021 / Accepted: 20 August 2021 / Published: 24 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Animal Diversity)
Striking geographic variation in male advertisement calls was observed in frogs formerly referred to as Limnonectes doriae and L. limborgi, respectively. Subsequent analyses of mtDNA and external morphological data brought supporting evidence for the recognition of these populations as distinct species. We describe two new frog species of the genus Limnonectes (i.e., L. bagoensis sp. nov. and L. bagoyoma sp. nov.) from Myanmar. Limnonectes bagoensis sp. nov. is closely related to L. doriae whereas L. bagoyoma sp. nov. is closely related to L. limborgi. Results of this integrative study provide evidence for the presence of additional undescribed species in these species complexes but due to the lack of bioacoustical data, we consider these additional diverging populations as candidate species that need further study to resolve their respective taxonomic status. Both new species are distributed in Lower Myanmar. Limnonectes doriae is restricted to southern Myanmar along the Malayan Peninsula whereas L. limborgi is known to occur in eastern Myanmar and northwestern Thailand. The remaining populations formerly referred to as either L. doriae or L. limborgi are considered representatives of various candidate species that await further study. We further provide a de novo draft genome of the respective holotypes of L. bagoensis sp. nov. and L. bagoyoma sp. nov. based on short-read sequencing technology to 25-fold coverage. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioacoustics; cryptic species diversity; Dicroglossidae; genome; Limnonectes bagoensis sp. nov.; Limnonectes bagoyoma sp. nov.; Myanmar; new species; Thailand bioacoustics; cryptic species diversity; Dicroglossidae; genome; Limnonectes bagoensis sp. nov.; Limnonectes bagoyoma sp. nov.; Myanmar; new species; Thailand
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Köhler, G.; Zwitzers, B.; Than, N.L.; Gupta, D.K.; Janke, A.; Pauls, S.U.; Thammachoti, P. Bioacoustics Reveal Hidden Diversity in Frogs: Two New Species of the Genus Limnonectes from Myanmar (Amphibia, Anura, Dicroglossidae). Diversity 2021, 13, 399. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13090399

AMA Style

Köhler G, Zwitzers B, Than NL, Gupta DK, Janke A, Pauls SU, Thammachoti P. Bioacoustics Reveal Hidden Diversity in Frogs: Two New Species of the Genus Limnonectes from Myanmar (Amphibia, Anura, Dicroglossidae). Diversity. 2021; 13(9):399. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13090399

Chicago/Turabian Style

Köhler, Gunther, Britta Zwitzers, Ni Lar Than, Deepak Kumar Gupta, Axel Janke, Steffen U. Pauls, and Panupong Thammachoti. 2021. "Bioacoustics Reveal Hidden Diversity in Frogs: Two New Species of the Genus Limnonectes from Myanmar (Amphibia, Anura, Dicroglossidae)" Diversity 13, no. 9: 399. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13090399

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop