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Review

Fanworms: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

1
Departament de Biologia, Universitat de les Illes Balears, 07122 Palma, Spain
2
Australian Museum Research Institute, Australian Museum, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia
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Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-090, Brazil
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Institut für Biowissenschaften, Allgemeine und Spezielle Zoologie, Universität Rostock, Universitätsplatz 2, D-18055 Rostock, Germany
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Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Nuevo León 66455, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luc Legal
Diversity 2021, 13(3), 130; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13030130
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2021 / Accepted: 10 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systematics and Diversity of Annelids)
Sabellida Levinsen, 1883 is a large morphologically uniform group of sedentary annelids commonly known as fanworms. These annelids live in tubes made either of calcareous carbonate or mucus with agglutinated sediment. They share the presence of an anterior crown consisting of radioles and the division of the body into thorax and abdomen marked by a chaetal and fecal groove inversion. This study synthesises the current state of knowledge about the diversity of fanworms in the broad sense (morphological, ecological, species richness), the species occurrences in the different biogeographic regions, highlights latest surveys, provides guidelines for identification of members of each group, and describe novel methodologies for species delimitation. As some members of this group are well-known introduced pests, we address information about these species and their current invasive status. In addition, an overview of the current evolutionary hypothesis and history of the classification of members of Sabellida is presented. The main aim of this review is to highlight the knowledge gaps to stimulate research in those directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sabellida; Sabellidae; Serpulidae; Fabriciidae; Annelida; polychaetes; biodiversity assessment; systematics; methods; gaps of knowledge Sabellida; Sabellidae; Serpulidae; Fabriciidae; Annelida; polychaetes; biodiversity assessment; systematics; methods; gaps of knowledge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Capa, M.; Kupriyanova, E.; Nogueira, J.M.d.M.; Bick, A.; Tovar-Hernández, M.A. Fanworms: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Diversity 2021, 13, 130. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13030130

AMA Style

Capa M, Kupriyanova E, Nogueira JMdM, Bick A, Tovar-Hernández MA. Fanworms: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. Diversity. 2021; 13(3):130. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13030130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Capa, María, Elena Kupriyanova, João M.d.M. Nogueira, Andreas Bick, and María A. Tovar-Hernández. 2021. "Fanworms: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow" Diversity 13, no. 3: 130. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13030130

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