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A Giant Ostrich from the Lower Pleistocene Nihewan Formation of North China, with a Review of the Fossil Ostriches of China

1
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique—CNRS (UMR 8538), Laboratoire de Géologie de l’Ecole Normale Supérieure, PSL Research University, 24 rue Lhomond, CEDEX 05, 75231 Paris, France
2
Palaeontological Research and Education Centre, Maha Sarakham University, Maha Sarakham 44150, Thailand
3
School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Life Sciences Building, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Wink
Diversity 2021, 13(2), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020047
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 26 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evolution and Palaeobiology of Flightless Birds)
A large incomplete ostrich femur from the Lower Pleistocene of North China, kept at the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris), is described. It was found by Father Emile Licent in 1925 in the Nihewan Formation (dated at about 1.8 Ma) of Hebei Province. On the basis of the minimum circumference of the shaft, a mass of 300 kg, twice that of a modern ostrich, was obtained. The bone is remarkably robust, more so than the femur of the more recent, Late Pleistocene, Struthio anderssoni from China, and resembles in that regard Pachystruthio Kretzoi, 1954, a genus known from the Lower Pleistocene of Hungary, Georgia and the Crimea, to which the Nihewan specimen is referred, as Pachystruthio indet. This find testifies to the wide geographical distribution of very massive ostriches in the Early Pleistocene of Eurasia. The giant ostrich from Nihewan was contemporaneous with the early hominins who inhabited that region in the Early Pleistocene. View Full-Text
Keywords: ostrich; China; Nihewan; Pleistocene; femur ostrich; China; Nihewan; Pleistocene; femur
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MDPI and ACS Style

Buffetaut, E.; Angst, D. A Giant Ostrich from the Lower Pleistocene Nihewan Formation of North China, with a Review of the Fossil Ostriches of China. Diversity 2021, 13, 47. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020047

AMA Style

Buffetaut E, Angst D. A Giant Ostrich from the Lower Pleistocene Nihewan Formation of North China, with a Review of the Fossil Ostriches of China. Diversity. 2021; 13(2):47. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buffetaut, Eric; Angst, Delphine. 2021. "A Giant Ostrich from the Lower Pleistocene Nihewan Formation of North China, with a Review of the Fossil Ostriches of China" Diversity 13, no. 2: 47. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13020047

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