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Article

Biodiversity and Community Structure of Mesozooplankton in the Marine and Coastal National Park Areas of Korea

1
School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Marine Research Center, National Park Research Institute, Korea National Park Service, Yeosu 59723, Korea
3
Department of Biology and Chemistry, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(6), 233; https://doi.org/10.3390/d12060233
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 7 May 2020 / Accepted: 8 June 2020 / Published: 10 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Marine Diversity)
Zooplankton communities are useful bioindicators that can provide information on the changes occurring in marine ecosystems. Therefore, investigation of zooplankton communities in marine and coastal national parks is essential. However, the surveys of zooplankton communities using morphological identification require considerable time and labor. Metabarcoding is a practical alternative that can detect various taxa simultaneously. In this study, metabarcoding was newly applied along with the traditional morphological identification to establish a method for zooplankton community survey in the Marine and Coastal National Park areas of Korea. By comparing the results of these two identification methods, the strengths and limitations of metabarcoding were verified with the zooplankton communities appearing in these areas. The sensitive detection capability of metabarcoding enabled the identification of potential bioindicator taxa associated with external factors (e.g., water temperature, salinity, topography, and chlorophyll a concentration) in these national parks. We propose the use of metabarcoding for efficient surveys of mesozooplankton communities in the Marine and Coastal National Parks to establish monitoring of bioindicator taxa. It is also necessary to continuously search for taxa with high research value in these national parks using metabarcoding. Establishing an ongoing monitoring system that employs this approach can provide an effective tool for managing marine ecosystems in the Marine and Coastal National Parks. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabarcoding; mesozooplankton biodiversity; mesozooplankton community; bioindicator taxa; Marine and Coastal National Parks metabarcoding; mesozooplankton biodiversity; mesozooplankton community; bioindicator taxa; Marine and Coastal National Parks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.; Lee, C.-R.; Lee, S.-k.; Oh, S.-Y.; Kim, W. Biodiversity and Community Structure of Mesozooplankton in the Marine and Coastal National Park Areas of Korea. Diversity 2020, 12, 233. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12060233

AMA Style

Kim H, Lee C-R, Lee S-k, Oh S-Y, Kim W. Biodiversity and Community Structure of Mesozooplankton in the Marine and Coastal National Park Areas of Korea. Diversity. 2020; 12(6):233. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12060233

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Heesoo, Chang-Rae Lee, Sang-kyu Lee, Seung-Yoon Oh, and Won Kim. 2020. "Biodiversity and Community Structure of Mesozooplankton in the Marine and Coastal National Park Areas of Korea" Diversity 12, no. 6: 233. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12060233

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