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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Species Richness, Ecology, and Prediction of Orchids in Central Europe: Local-Scale Study

Department of Phytology, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University of Zvolen, Masarykova 24, SK-960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Ľ. Štúra 2, SK-960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
Institute of Botany, Plant Science and Biodiversity Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, SK-845 23 Bratislava, Slovakia
Nógrádyho 716/35, SK-960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
State Nature Conservancy, Protected Landscape Area Cerová vrchovina, Železničná 31, SK-979 01 Rimavská Sobota, Slovakia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(4), 154;
Received: 25 March 2020 / Revised: 6 April 2020 / Accepted: 12 April 2020 / Published: 17 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Ecology and Diversity of Orchids)
Orchids are one of the most species-rich families in the world, and many species are under threat in numerous countries. Biodiversity research focusing on the relationship between the richness of orchid species and ecological factors was performed across the Cerová vrchovina Mts (Western Carpathians) testing impact of 26 explanatory variables. We aimed to determine the main ecological predictors controlling species richness and to predict potential species richness patterns. Altogether, 19 orchid species were found in the studied area, with Cephalanthera damasonium and Epipactis microphylla being the most common. Four environmental predictors (minimal longitude, carbonate-containing sediments, maximal yearly solar irradiation, and agricultural land) had statistically significant effects on orchid richness following regression analysis. Predictive models for the nine most frequent species using MaxEnt software showed (i) that land cover and geological substrate had the highest contribution to the explained variance in the models and (ii) strong potential for occurrence of given orchids in several poorly mapped parts of the studied area. View Full-Text
Keywords: chorology; ecological predictors; Orchidaceae; threatened plants; Western Carpathians chorology; ecological predictors; Orchidaceae; threatened plants; Western Carpathians
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Hrivnák, M.; Slezák, M.; Galvánek, D.; Vlčko, J.; Belanová, E.; Rízová, V.; Senko, D.; Hrivnák, R. Species Richness, Ecology, and Prediction of Orchids in Central Europe: Local-Scale Study. Diversity 2020, 12, 154.

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