Next Article in Journal
Beyond Endocasts: Using Predicted Brain-Structure Volumes of Extinct Birds to Assess Neuroanatomical and Behavioral Inferences
Previous Article in Journal
Reciprocal Role of Salamanders in Aquatic Energy Flow Pathways
Open AccessArticle

Habitat Islands on the Aegean Islands (Greece): Elevational Gradient of Chasmophytic Diversity, Endemism, Phytogeographical Patterns and need for Monitoring and Conservation

Department of Biology, Division of Plant Biology, Laboratory of Botany, University of Patras, University Campus, GR-26504 Rio, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/d12010033
Received: 4 December 2019 / Revised: 15 January 2020 / Accepted: 16 January 2020 / Published: 17 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conservation and Management of Island Ecosystems)
The Aegean archipelago, characterized as a natural laboratory for research concerning plant species diversity and phytogeography has a complex geological and paleogeographical history that varies among its phytogeographical areas. A different combination of factors of variable intensity and duration time drives patterns of its impressive plant species richness and endemism. Cliffs, a conspicuous feature of the Aegean landscape, consist of biologically closed communities that serve as refugia for obligate chasmophytes, the majority of which are Greek or Aegean endemics, and for this reason, they are also considered as habitat islands on the Aegean islands. A synoptic analysis is presented concerning chasmophytic plant diversity focusing on endemic obligate chasmophytes. Phytogeographical patterns of obligate chasmophytes, and especially the endemic ones as well as their elevational range and distribution and zeta diversity, are analyzed and discussed in the frame of climatic change, mentioning that the most threatened endemic obligate chasmophytes are those specialized in high elevation areas, and focusing on the need for monitoring and conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: obligate chasmophyte; specialist taxa; Aegean endemic; regional endemic; zeta diversity; spatial turnover obligate chasmophyte; specialist taxa; Aegean endemic; regional endemic; zeta diversity; spatial turnover
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kontopanou, A.; Panitsa, M. Habitat Islands on the Aegean Islands (Greece): Elevational Gradient of Chasmophytic Diversity, Endemism, Phytogeographical Patterns and need for Monitoring and Conservation. Diversity 2020, 12, 33.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop