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The Influence of Canopy Cover on the Ecological Function of A Key Autogenic Ecosystem Engineer

1
Department of Marine Invertebrates, Museum Victoria, Carlton, VIC 3053, Australia
2
School of BioSciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
3
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Centre for Integrative Ecology, Deakin University, Warrnambool Campus, PO Box 423, Warrnambool, VIC 3280, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2019, 11(5), 79; https://doi.org/10.3390/d11050079 (registering DOI)
Received: 8 April 2019 / Revised: 12 May 2019 / Accepted: 15 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diversity of Ecosystem Engineers in the World Coasts and Oceans)
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Abstract

Intertidal fucoid algae can function as ecosystem engineers across temperate marine regions. In this investigation, we assessed the function of the alga dominating rocky reefs in temperate Australia and New Zealand, Hormosira banksii. Invertebrate and algal species assemblages were examined within areas of full H. banksii canopy, areas where it was naturally patchy or absent (within its potential range on the shore) and areas where the intact canopy was experimentally disturbed. Differences in species assemblages were detected between areas with natural variation in H. banksii cover (full, patchy, negligible), with defined species associated with areas of full cover. Differences were also detected between experimentally manipulated and naturally patchy areas of canopy cover. Species assemblages altered in response to canopy manipulations and did not recover even twelve months after initial sampling. Both light intensity and temperature were buffered by full canopies compared to patchy canopies and exposed rock. This study allows us to predict the consequences to the intertidal community due to the loss of canopy cover, which may result from a range of disturbances such as trampling, storm damage, sand burial and prolonged exposure to extreme temperature, and further allow for improved management of this key autogenic ecosystem engineer. View Full-Text
Keywords: macroalgae; facilitation; disturbance; invertebrates; intertidal reef macroalgae; facilitation; disturbance; invertebrates; intertidal reef
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Pocklington, J.B.; Keough, M.J.; O’Hara, T.D.; Bellgrove, A. The Influence of Canopy Cover on the Ecological Function of A Key Autogenic Ecosystem Engineer. Diversity 2019, 11, 79.

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