Next Article in Journal
New Insights Into Nematode DNA-metabarcoding as Revealed by the Characterization of Artificial and Spiked Nematode Communities
Next Article in Special Issue
Climate Change, Bioclimatic Models and the Risk to Lichen Diversity
Previous Article in Journal
A Brief Review of Non-Avian Reptile Environmental DNA (eDNA), with a Case Study of Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta) eDNA Under Field Conditions
Previous Article in Special Issue
Could Hair-Lichens of High-Elevation Forests Help Detect the Impact of Global Change in the Alps?
Open AccessArticle

Using Growth Forms to Predict Epiphytic Lichen Abundance in a Wide Variety of Forest Types

Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología y Geología, Física y Química Inorgánica, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Móstoles, 28933 Madrid, Spain
Sección de Ecología y Sistemática, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, San Cayetano s/n, Loja 1101608, Ecuador
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2019, 11(4), 51;
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 27 March 2019 / Published: 1 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lichen Diversity and Biomonitoring)
Epiphytic richness is continuously declining due to forest fragmentation, logging, burning, agriculture, and livestock. The rate of species loss caused by habitat degradation and loss is more pronounced in Central and South America. Considering the extreme difficulty and time required to identify the more inconspicuous species, rapid diversity assessment methods need to be extrapolated throughout the world. This study correlated lichen growth forms and total epiphytic abundance across 119 forests located in Europe and Central-South America. A total of 54 papers were selected from specific databases focused on lichens. Additionally, data from several unpublished ecological studies were included. Linear regression models showed that epiphytic lichen abundance was highly and positively correlated with the number of growth forms at all geographical levels considered (i.e., Central-South American and European forests, and the combination of both). Thus, the use of growth forms may provide an alternative and complementary way to evaluate epiphytic diversity because most growth forms have cosmopolitan distribution and are easily recognizable. View Full-Text
Keywords: richness; epiphyte; indicator species; forests; Europe; Central-South America richness; epiphyte; indicator species; forests; Europe; Central-South America
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Aragón, G.; Martínez, I.; Hurtado, P.; Benítez, Á.; Rodríguez, C.; Prieto, M. Using Growth Forms to Predict Epiphytic Lichen Abundance in a Wide Variety of Forest Types. Diversity 2019, 11, 51.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop