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The Patagonian Sheepdog: Historical Perspective on a Herding Dog in Chile

1
Institute of Pharmacology and Morphophysiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia 5090000, Chile
2
Independent Researcher, Santiago 7500000 Chile
3
Independent Researcher, Osorno 5290000, Chile
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Independent Researcher, Coyhaique 5950000, Chile
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Cancer Genetics and Comparative Genomic Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
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Centro de Investigación en Recursos Naturales y Sustentabilidad (CIRENYS), Universidad Bernardo O’Higgins, Santiago 8370993, Chile
7
Center of Applied Ecology and Sustainability (CAPES), Santiago 8331150, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2019, 11(12), 245; https://doi.org/10.3390/d11120245
Received: 7 October 2019 / Revised: 8 December 2019 / Accepted: 14 December 2019 / Published: 17 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conservation of Rare Breeds of Livestock)
The “Patagonian Sheepdog” is a local working dog breed that was produced by selection from European working sheepdogs that arrived in the Magallanes region of southern Chile in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Currently, the Patagonian Sheepdog is most commonly found in the Chilean Patagonian region (43°12’ S to 56°30’ S), where it plays a fundamental role as a working dog in sheep and, to some extent, in cattle farming. Dog types that may have contributed to the Patagonian Sheepdog include the Old Welsh Grey and other old UK herding dogs. The modern Patagonian Sheepdog has been selectively bred by local sheep farmers to produce a herding dog that is well adapted to the area: a medium body size, long or semi-long fur, drooping or semi-erect ears, a docile character, and a great aptitude for sheep herding. Morphological studies have determined the body measurements, zoometric indices, coat color, and marking for Patagonian Sheepdogs. The objective of this investigation was to collect historical information related to the presence of this dog in Chilean Patagonia, providing general aspects of the morphology and behavior, all key factors for the recognition and conservation of this little-known herding dog. View Full-Text
Keywords: Patagonian Sheepdog; dog; herding; historical; Patagonia; Chile Patagonian Sheepdog; dog; herding; historical; Patagonia; Chile
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Barrios, N.; Fuenzalida, A.; Gómez, M.; Heuser, C.; Muñoz, R.; Ostrander, E.A.; Parker, H.G.; González-Lagos, C. The Patagonian Sheepdog: Historical Perspective on a Herding Dog in Chile. Diversity 2019, 11, 245.

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