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Diversity 2018, 10(3), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/d10030084

A Review of Philenis Champion, 1906 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Conoderinae), with Descriptions of New Species from Central and South America

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, USA
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 19 July 2018 / Accepted: 23 July 2018 / Published: 8 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils)
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Abstract

A brief review of the history of the taxonomic treatment of the genus Philenis Champion is presented and characters are discussed. Philenis flavipes Champion and P. fuscofemorata Champion, and 11 new species are described, including the first records from South America: P. anzaldoi new species (Costa Rica, Panamá), P. costaricensis new species (Costa Rica), P. laselvaensis new species (Costa Rica), P. auritibiae new species (Costa Rica), P. brunnea new species (Costa Rica, Panamá), P. muscamimetica new species (Panamá), P. chiriquiensis new species (Panamá), P. guyanensis new species (French Guiana), P. ferruginea new species (Ecuador), P. howdeni new species (Ecuador), and P. kuscheli new species (Colombia, Ecuador). A key is provided to separate the species, and an unusual type of “multifurcate” scale is reported for some species. Two species have been associated with plants of the family Araceae. Most collections of this genus by the Arthropods of La Selva (ALAS) biodiversity project in Costa Rica were made by passive trapping methods during the dry season and at lower to middle elevations along an altitudinal transect on the slopes of Volcan Barva. The coloration of some species in the genus is hypothesized to mimic social Hymenoptera or flies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Araceae; biodiversity; ecology; faunal inventories; mimicry; phenology Araceae; biodiversity; ecology; faunal inventories; mimicry; phenology
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Hespenheide, H. A Review of Philenis Champion, 1906 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Conoderinae), with Descriptions of New Species from Central and South America. Diversity 2018, 10, 84.

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