Next Article in Journal
Bis(2-hydroxyethyl) 2-phenylsuccinate
Previous Article in Journal
Assembly of Sn(IV)-Porphyrin Cation Exhibiting Supramolecular Interactions of Anion···Anion and Anion···π Systems
Order Article Reprints
Font Type:
Arial Georgia Verdana
Font Size:
Aa Aa Aa
Line Spacing:
Column Width:
Short Note

2,3,4,5,6-Pentabromobenzoic Acid

P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Academic Department of Innovational Materials and Technologies Chemistry, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, 117997 Moscow, Russia
Chemistry Department, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molbank 2022, 2022(4), M1455;
Received: 26 August 2022 / Revised: 21 September 2022 / Accepted: 22 September 2022 / Published: 26 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)


Pentabromobenzoate is a useful fragment in organic synthesis and in coordination chemistry. Among known synthetic approaches to pentabromobenzoic acid (PBA), we have assessed and identified exhaustive bromination of benzoic acid by using 1.3-dibromoisocyanuric acid in concentrated H2SO4 solution as the most efficient method for the preparation of PBA on a multigram scale. As the crude bromination product is typically contaminated with 3,4,5,6-tetrabromobenzoic acid (TBA) and pentabromobenzene, C6Br5H, a simple purification protocol for preparation of analytically pure PBA has been developed. The molecular structure and crystal packing of PBA established by single-crystal X-ray diffractometry suggests a pattern of H-bonding and halogen bonding in solid state.

1. Introduction

Perhalogenated benzoic acids are important compounds which have a variety of practical applications. Perfluorobenzoic acid, for example, owing to its availability and low cost, is most commonly used as a building block in coordination chemistry [1,2], physiologically active compounds [3,4], luminescence [5], optical materials [6,7], and numerous other applications [8]. In contrast, other perhalogenated benzoic acids are poorly studied, despite the fact that these compounds were described in the literature [9,10,11] a few decades ago. This is likely due to limited industrial applications and poor availability of chloro-, bromo-, and idodo-derivatives due to their relatively difficult syntheses.
In continuation of our work on the design of new lanthanide luminescent coordination compounds [11,12,13,14], we have tested PBA and found that it is a promising ligand. One may expect the corresponding complexes to be highly luminescent due to two simultaneous effects: one is the «heavy atom» effect, and another is due to multi-photon relaxation suppression. As for the other possible points of interest, the occurrence of halogen-bonding in such complexes, is potentially appealing from the viewpoints of both supramolecular and structural chemistry.
The synthesis of PBA, described in 1969 by Gottardi [15], did not work well: upon numerous trials, we failed to obtain PBA of appropriate purity due to insufficient detail in relation to purification reported in the published procedure. The material was typically contaminated with 3,4,5,6-tetrabromobenzoic acid and other impurities; sadly, our repeated attempts to purify it by using suggested protocols [15] failed.
In this communication, we report a reliable straightforward synthetic protocol for the preparation of PBA from benzoic acid, as well as the key bromination reagent dibromoisocyanuric acid (1,3-dibromo-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione, DBI). Additionally, we have developed an effective purification procedure, which allows us to obtain analytically pure PBA in an acceptable yield.

2. Results and Discussion

The first historical synthesis of PBA (1) was described in 1869 by Reinecke [16], who discovered that extended heating of 3,4,5,-tribromobenzoic acid with an excess of bromine at 200 °C led to the formation of a small amount of 1. As most of the acid 1 undergoes decarboxylation under such conditions, pentabrombenzene (4) was isolated as a major product, making this method unsuitable for practical preparation of target PBA.
The first practical preparative synthesis of 1 was developed by W.Gottardi [17], who introduced dibromoisocyanuric acid (DBI) as a powerful electrophilic brominating agent for deactivated aromatic compounds (Scheme 1). Benzoic acid (2) was brominated by 2.5 equivalents of DBI in concentrated H2SO4 at room temperature for 1 h, affording the target compound 1 in 92% isolated yield after a simple work-up. This method was slightly improved upon and reported a year later [15]. Both publications by Gottardi feature a melting point for compound identification without providing other types of characterization data.
A completely different approach to 1 was proposed by G. Deacon et al. [18,19]. Benzoic acid (2) was first mercurated exhaustively via heating with the excess of molten Hg(CF3COO)2, and the resulting permercurated compound C6(HgCF3COO)5COOH was digested by heating with KBr/Br2 in aqueous solution. In this way, the overall yield of compound 1 was moderate, and considerable amounts of other less brominated byproducts were also isolated. Obviously, due to the toxicity of mercury compounds and the unfavorable stoichiometry of mercury cleavage reaction, this atom-wasteful approach is impractical.
Other attempts to brominate benzoic acid (2) directly in the presence of Hg2+ catalyst were made [20]. Heating of benzoic acid in 30% oleum at 45–50 °C in the presence of HgSO4 and Br2 for 2.5 h afforded, after laborious workup, acid 1 in 66% isolated yield. The most valuable part of this report is a detailed description of isolation and purification procedure, which was very useful for the development of our improved synthesis of PBA. The information on other more exotic approaches to acid 1 can be found elsewhere [21].
When we assessed various options for the preparation of PBA, bromination by DBI was identified as the most suitable alternative. Unfortunately, when following Gottardi’s method [15,17] the acid 1 obtained was impure. As the impurities, identified by mass-spectroscopy, were mainly cyanuric acid, acid 3 and the bromide 4 a simple separation technique leading to pure 1 was adopted. In the first step, the by-product cyanuric acid was removed due to its insolubility in diethyl ether Et2O, as follows: crude mixture of the products including brominated acids 1 and 3 was obtained by quenching the reaction mixture. Excess ice was air-dried on a glass sintered filter and extracted by small portions of Et2O. Three extractions are usually sufficient to dissolve all brominated products while cyanuric acid remains on the filter. The ether extracts, upon evaporation, gave a crude mixture of acids which was boiled with an excess of 5% Na2CO3 aqueous solution. The suspension was filtered quickly while hot, and the insoluble matter (mainly 4) was discarded. The clear solution was cooled down, and a crystalline precipitate of sodium 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromobenzoate was filtered off. At this stage, most of acid 3 was removed in the form of its water-soluble sodium salt. Since it was established that traces of 4 co-precipitate with sodium 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromobenzoate, this salt was acidified with HCl and the slightly impure acid 1 was finally recrystallized from toluene. After cooling, analytically pure X-ray-quality crystals of the target product 1 were obtained in good yield: 61%. This practical preparation of 1 can easily be reproduced on a multi-gram scale; if required, multiple batches of crude acid can be combined and then purified in one run.
The purity of the acid 1 was confirmed by a number of analytical methods, including mass-spectroscopy, elemental analysis and 13C-NMR. Single crystals of 1 suitable for X-ray crystallography were obtained via slow crystallization from toluene. The molecular structure of 1 is presented in Figure 1, whereby molecules of 1 form pseudo-centrosymmetric dimers, as shown in Figure 2, such that a dihedral angle between the two aromatic rings is about 1.5 degrees. Remarkably, in the structure of 1, the C1–C2 distance is 1.52 (Table 1), i.e., somewhat longer than the mean CPh-CCOO distance of 1.498 Å, deduced by an analysis of all structures of phenyl-substituted carboxylic acids and ethers published in the Cambridge Structural Base (CCDC) to date. This may suggest significant steric hindrance caused by the bulky bromines [22] in the ortho-positions and the O-H…O H-bonding (Table 2). Moreover, the analysis of crystal packing reveals the presence of a weak Br…O interaction (the Br1…O4 distance is 3.25 Å; the Br9…O2 distance is 3.36 Å), as illustrated in Figure 3.
The IR spectrum of 1 (Figure 4) contains bands of OH vibrations (broad band 3400–2900 cm−1), strong band ν C=O (1711 cm–1, lit. 1715 cm−1 [18]), ν (C–O) 1249 (lit. 1241) cm–1, C=C (benzene ring) 1553–1317 cm−1.
In conclusion, we have shown that PBA prepared via bromination of benzoic acid with 1.3-dibromoisocyanyric acid in H2SO4 is impure. A reliable purification protocol for PBA has been developed. The molecular structure and intermolecular interaction in solid 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromobenzoic acid have been confirmed via X-ray crystallography.

3. Materials and Methods

All reagents were purchased from Aldrich (St. Louis, MO, USA) and were used without further purification. Concentrated sulfuric acid, 98% (d = 1.84 g/mL) was purchased from Component-Reactive (Moscow, Russian Federation). DBI was prepared and identified according procedure described in SI (Scheme 1, Figure S1). Elemental analysis was performed by the Laboratory of Microanalysis of Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement compounds (Moscow, Russian Federation). The melting points were determined on a Kofler hot-stage apparatus and are uncorrected. 1H and 13C-NMR spectra were acquired using a Bruker AV-300 instrument (Bruker AXS Handheld Inc., Kennewick, WA, USA) operated at 300 and 75.5 MHz, respectively, in DMSO-d6 solution. Mass-spectra were recorded on a Bruker Maxis TOF instrument (Bruker Daltonic GmbH, Bremen, Germany), operated in negative mode, with ESI ionization. FTIR spectra were recorded in KBr pellets on a Perkin Elmer Spectrum One instrument (Santa Barbara, CA, USA). Single X-ray diffraction analysis was carried out on a Bruker D8 Quest diffractometer (Bruker AXS Handheld Inc., Kennewick, WA, USA), MoKα radiation, ω and φ-scan mode. The structure was solved with direct methods and refined via a least-squares method in the full-matrix anisotropic approximation on F2. All hydrogen atoms were located from an electron-difference map and refined within a riding model. All calculations were performed using the SHELXTL [23,24] and Olex2 [25] software packages. Crystal Data for C7HBr5O2 (M = 516.63 g/mol): orthorhombic, space group Pna21 (no. 33), a = 17.288(5) Å, b = 15.298(3) Å, c = 8.315(2) Å, α = β = γ = 90°, V = 2198.9(10) Å3, Z = 8, T = 115(2) K, μ(MoKα) = 18.244 mm−1, Dcalc = 3.121 g/cm3, 16949 reflections measured (3.56° ≤ 2Θ ≤ 54.00°), 4797 unique (Rint = 0.0840, Rsigma = 0.0861), which were used in all calculations. The final R1 was 0.0449 (I > 2σ(I)) and wR2 was 0.1043 (all data). Atomic coordinates, bond lengths, angles, and thermal parameters have been deposited at the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre with the deposition number CCDC 2196019, which is available free of charge at (accessed on 12 August 2022).
Synthesis of pentabromobenzoic acid (1).
Benzoic acid (1.5 g, 12.4 mmol) was dissolved in 30 g (16.5 mL) of conc. H2SO4 with vigorous magnetic stirring. Separately, DBI (9 g, 34.4 mmol) solution in 150 g (81.5mL) of conc. H2SO4 was prepared. It is important to dissolve all solid material in both flasks without external heating. Sometimes it takes 20-30 min to obtain a clear solution at room temperature. The DBI solution then was added to a well-stirred solution of benzoic acid rather quickly (1–2 min), and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for an additional 30 min with protection from moisture (CaCl2 drying tube). The mixture gradually transformed into a light-yellow paste due to the formation of thick precipitate; some heat was also evolved, but external cooling was not necessary for small uploads. The reaction mixture was poured on 500 g of crushed ice, stirred for 30 min and filtered of a glass frit. White precipitate was washed using cold water (3 × 20 mL) with suction and dried in air (1–2 days) directly in the filtering funnel. The coarsely ground cake was extracted on filter with 4 portions of ether (30 mL each). The clear filtrate was evaporated under diminished pressure (10 torr), and yielded white crystalline solid. The residue on filter consists mainly of isocyanuric acid, which is insoluble in ether, and was discarded.
Crude 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromobenzoic acid was heated to boiling point with 20 mL of 5% Na2CO3 aqueous solution; the alkali (pH~ 8–9) hot solution was filtered rapidly from insoluble salt of tetrabromobenzoic acid and hexabromobenzene and cooled in an ice bath. Thick paste of sodium pentabromobenzoate was filtered, and crystals were washed with a small amount (5 mL) of cold 5% Na2CO3 solution and dried in air. A suspension of the sodium salt in 10 mL of water was acidified with 35% HCl solution until pH~1 was achieved. Precipitate of free acid was filtered, and it was washed with 5 mL of cold water and dried in air. Finally, the acid was recrystallized from hot toluene (35 mL on 4 g of the crude product). The yield was 3.1 g (61%) of pure 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromobenzoic acid as colorless crystals.
Mp 265–266 °C (lit. 265–268 °C, [15]). Anal. calcd. for C7HBr5O2 (516.60): C, 16.27; H, 0.20; Br 77.35. Found: C, 16.31; H, 0.23; Br 77.98%. IR spectrum, ν, cm–1: 3400–2900 (broad), 3420 (vw), 2923 (vw), 2858 (vw), 2735 (vw), 2635 (vw), 2552 (vw), 2479 (vw), 1711 (vs), 1688 (sh), 1553 (w), 1523 (m), 1435 (vw), 1409 (w), 1376 (w), 1317 (s), 1285 (vw), 1249 (vs), 1179 (vw), 1165 (vw), 1061 (w), 1043 (vw), 887 (vw), 867 (m), 776 (vw), 761 (vw), 720 (m), 617 (w), 552 (s), 493 (vw), 440 (vw). 1H-NMR (ppm): δ 13.89 (v. broad, 1H, –COOH). 13C-NMR (ppm): δ 165.62, 140.45, 129.29, 128.51, 120,51. HRMS (ESI-TOF), m/z: calcd. for C7HBr5O2 [M]+, 516.6016, found, 516.5748. (See also Figures S2 and S3).

Supplementary Materials

Detailed procedure for preparation DBI; Scheme S1: Preparation of 1,3 -dibromoisocyanuric acid (DBI); Figure S1: FT-IR spectrum of DBI; Figure S2: 13C-NMR spectrum of compound 1; Figure S3: HR mass-spectrum of the compound 1 [26,27,28,29].

Author Contributions

I.V.T.—project administration, funding acquisition, supervision, writing—original draft preparation; T.S.V.-investigation; V.E.G.—investigation, writing—original draft preparation; Y.A.B. investigation, writing—original draft preparation. S.R.Z.—investigation. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This research was funded by Russian Science Foundation, grant number 19-13-00272.

Data Availability Statement

Not applicable.


The authors acknowledge support from Lomonosov Moscow State University Program of Development for providing access to single-X-ray diffraction equipment. We are grateful to Kirill Nikitin (University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland) for his valuable help with the preparation of the manuscript.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


  1. Han, L.-J.; Kong, Y.-J.; Xu, Y.-Y.; Huang, M.-M. A Zn-Based Coordination Compound for Fluorescence Detection of Fe3+, Cu2+, Ni2+ and CrO42− Ions. Polyhedron 2021, 193, 114868. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  2. Shmelev, M.A.; Gogoleva, N.V.; Kuznetsova, G.N.; Kiskin, M.A.; Voronina, Y.K.; Yakushev, I.A.; Ivanova, T.M.; Nelyubina, Y.V.; Sidorov, A.A.; Eremenko, I.L. Cd(II) and Cd(II)–Eu(III) Complexes with Pentafluorobenzoic Acid Anions and N-Donor Ligands: Synthesis and Structures. Russ. J. Coord. Chem. 2020, 46, 557–572. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  3. Cox, B.; Duffy, J.; Zdorichenko, V.; Bellanger, C.; Hurcum, J.; Laleu, B.; Booker-Milburn, K.I.; Elliott, L.D.; Robertson-Ralph, M.; Swain, C.J.; et al. Escaping from Flatland: Antimalarial Activity of Sp3-Rich Bridged Pyrrolidine Derivatives. ACS Med. Chem. Lett. 2020, 11, 2497–2503. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  4. Černý, I.; Buděšínský, M.; Pouzar, V.; Vyklický, V.; Krausová, B.; Vyklický, L. Neuroactive Steroids with Perfluorobenzoyl Group. Steroids 2012, 77, 1233–1241. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  5. Shmelev, M.A.; Kiskin, M.A.; Voronina, J.K.; Babeshkin, K.A.; Efimov, N.N.; Varaksina, E.A.; Korshunov, V.M.; Taydakov, I.V.; Gogoleva, N.V.; Sidorov, A.A.; et al. Molecular and Polymer Ln2M2 (Ln = Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy; M = Zn, Cd) Complexes with Pentafluorobenzoate Anions: The Role of Temperature and Stacking Effects in the Structure; Magnetic and Luminescent Properties. Materials 2020, 13, 5689. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  6. Zhang, H.; Xiao, H.; Liu, F.; Huo, F.; He, Y.; Chen, Z.; Liu, X.; Bo, S.; Qiu, L.; Zhen, Z. Synthesis of Novel Nonlinear Optical Chromophores: Achieving Enhanced Electro-Optic Activity and Thermal Stability by Introducing Rigid Steric Hindrance Groups into the Julolidine Donor. J. Mater. Chem. C 2017, 5, 1675–1684. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  7. Wu, W.; Huang, Q.; Zhong, C.; Ye, C.; Qin, J.; Li, Z. Second-Order Nonlinear Optical (NLO) Polymers Containing Perfluoroaromatic Rings as Isolation Groups with Ar/ArF Self-Assembly Effect: Enhanced NLO Coefficient and Stability. Polymer 2013, 54, 5655–5664. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  8. Shang, R.; Fu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Xu, Q.; Yu, H.-Z.; Liu, L. Copper-Catalyzed Decarboxylative Cross-Coupling of Potassium Polyfluorobenzoates with Aryl Iodides and Bromides. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2009, 48, 9350–9354. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  9. Mattern, D.L. Direct Aromatic Periodination. J. Org. Chem. 1984, 49, 3051–3053. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  10. Pearson, D.E.; Cowan, D.; Beckler, J.D. A Study of the Entrainment Method for Making Grignard Reagents. J. Org. Chem. 1959, 24, 504–509. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  11. Taydakov, I.V.; Kiskin, M.A. On the Hydrolysis of Diethyl 2-(Perfluorophenyl)Malonate. Beilstein J. Org. Chem. 2020, 16, 1863–1868. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Lutoshkin, M.A.; Taydakov, I.V. Selenoyl-Trifluoroacetone: Synthesis, Properties, and Complexation Ability towards Trivalent Rare-Earth Ions. Polyhedron 2021, 207, 115383. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  13. Gusev, A.; Kiskin, M.; Lutsenko, I.; Svetogorov, R.; Veber, S.; Minakova, O.; Korshunov, V.; Taydakov, I.; Linert, W. Triazole-Based Lanthanide(III) Adducts: Photo- and Thermochromic Luminescence. J. Lumin. 2021, 238, 118305. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  14. Belousov, Y.A.; Drozdov, A.A.; Taydakov, I.V.; Marchetti, F.; Pettinari, R.; Pettinari, C. Lanthanide Azolecarboxylate Compounds: Structure, Luminescent Properties and Applications. Coord. Chem. Rev. 2021, 445, 214084. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  15. Gottardi, W. Über Bromierungen mit Dibromoisocyanursaüre unter ionischen Bedingungen, 2. Mitt.: Perbromierungen. Mon. Chem. 1969, 100, 42–50. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  16. Reinecke, A. Ueber Mono-, Tri-Und Pentabrombenzoesäure. Z. Fur Chem. 1869, 5, 109–111. [Google Scholar]
  17. Gottardi, W. Über Bromierungen mit Dibromoisocyanursäure unter ionischen Bedingungen, 1. Mitt.: Monobromierungen. Mon. Chem. 1968, 99, 815–822. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  18. Deacon, G.B.; Farquharson, G.J. Permercurated Arenes. J. Organomet. Chem. 1974, 67, C1–C3. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  19. Deacon, G.; Farquharson, G. Synthesis and Bromodemercuration of Some Permercurated Arenes. Aust. J. Chem. 1976, 29, 627. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  20. Shishkin, V.N.; Bolusheva, I.Y.; Lapin, K.K.; Tanaseichuk, B.S. Polybrominated Aromatic Compounds VI. Exhaustive Bromination in the Ring of Deactivated Aromatic Compounds. J. Org. Chem. USSR 1991, 27, 1303–1308. [Google Scholar]
  21. Mongin, F.; Marzi, E.; Schlosser, M. Extensive Halogen Scrambling and Buttressing Effects Encountered upon Treatment of Oligobromoarenes with Bases. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2001, 2001, 2771–2777. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  22. Kumagai, H.; Kawata, S. 4,4′-Bipyridine-1,1′-Diium 2,3,5,6-Tetrabromoterephthalate Dihydrate. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. E Struct. Rep. Online 2011, 67, o2636. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed][Green Version]
  23. Sheldrick, G.M. SHELXT—Integrated Space-Group and Crystal-Structure Determination. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. A Found. Adv. 2015, 71, 3–8. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Sheldrick, G.M. Crystal Structure Refinement with SHELXL. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. C Struct. Chem. 2015, 71, 3–8. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Dolomanov, O.V.; Bourhis, L.J.; Gildea, R.J.; Howard, J.A.K.; Puschmann, H. OLEX2: A Complete Structure Solution, Refinement and Analysis Program. J. Appl. Cryst. 2009, 42, 339–341. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  26. Demko, Z.P.; Bartsch, M.; Sharpless, K.B. Primary Amides. A General Nitrogen Source for Catalytic Asymmetric Aminohydroxylation of Olefins. Org. Lett. 2000, 2, 2221–2223. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  27. Gottardi, W. Über die Reaktion von Brom mit Alkalicyanuraten. Mon. Chem. 1967, 98, 507–512. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  28. Petterson, R.C.; Grzeskowiak, U.; Jules, L.H. N-Halogen Compounds. II. 1,2 The N—Cl Stretching Band in Some N-Chloroamides. The Structure of Trichloroisocyanuric Acid. J. Org. Chem. 1960, 25, 1595–1598. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  29. Gottardi, W. Zur Chemie der Bromisocyanursäuren: Eigenschaften und Reaktionen der Dibromisocyanursäure. Mon. Chem. 1977, 108, 1067–1084. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
Scheme 1. Known synthetic pathways to PBA, 1.
Scheme 1. Known synthetic pathways to PBA, 1.
Molbank 2022 m1455 sch001
Figure 1. General view of the asymmetric unit of 1 with the thermal ellipsoids presented at 50% probability. Hydrogen O–H…O bonds are illustrated with dotted lines.
Figure 1. General view of the asymmetric unit of 1 with the thermal ellipsoids presented at 50% probability. Hydrogen O–H…O bonds are illustrated with dotted lines.
Molbank 2022 m1455 g001
Figure 2. Crystal packing of 1 along (010) plane. Hydrogen O-H…O bonds are illustrated with dotted lines.
Figure 2. Crystal packing of 1 along (010) plane. Hydrogen O-H…O bonds are illustrated with dotted lines.
Molbank 2022 m1455 g002
Figure 3. Crystal packing of 1. Hydrogen O-H…O bonds are illustrated with dotted lines and Br…O contacts are illustrated with dashed lines.
Figure 3. Crystal packing of 1. Hydrogen O-H…O bonds are illustrated with dotted lines and Br…O contacts are illustrated with dashed lines.
Molbank 2022 m1455 g003
Figure 4. FT-IR spectrum of acid 1.
Figure 4. FT-IR spectrum of acid 1.
Molbank 2022 m1455 g004
Table 1. List of bond lengths for 1.
Table 1. List of bond lengths for 1.
BondLength, ÅBondLength, Å
Br1–C31.877 (8)Br10–C141.871 (8)
Br2–C41.875 (10)Br9–C131.883 (9)
Br3–C51.892 (9)Br8–C121.904 (9)
Br4–C61.865 (9)Br7–C111.874 (9)
Br5–C71.889 (10)Br6–C101.870 (9)
O1–C11.316 (11)O3–C81.319 (12)
O2–C11.189 (11)O4–C81.215 (11)
C1–C21.525 (13)C8–C91.486 (13)
C2–C31.389 (12)C9–C141.381 (12)
C2–C71.389 (13)C9–C101.404 (12)
C3–C41.388 (13)C14–C131.407 (13)
C4–C51.376 (13)C13–C121.395 (12)
C5–C61.401 (14)C12–C111.366 (13)
C6–C71.375 (14)C11–C101.408 (13)
Table 2. List of hydrogen bonds present in the crystal of 1 and their geometrical parameters.
Table 2. List of hydrogen bonds present in the crystal of 1 and their geometrical parameters.
BondO…O, Å∠O–H…O, o
Publisher’s Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Taydakov, I.V.; Vlasova, T.S.; Belousov, Y.A.; Zanizdra, S.R.; Gontcharenko, V.E. 2,3,4,5,6-Pentabromobenzoic Acid. Molbank 2022, 2022, M1455.

AMA Style

Taydakov IV, Vlasova TS, Belousov YA, Zanizdra SR, Gontcharenko VE. 2,3,4,5,6-Pentabromobenzoic Acid. Molbank. 2022; 2022(4):M1455.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Taydakov, Ilya V., Tatiana S. Vlasova, Yury A. Belousov, Sergey R. Zanizdra, and Victoria E. Gontcharenko. 2022. "2,3,4,5,6-Pentabromobenzoic Acid" Molbank 2022, no. 4: M1455.

Note that from the first issue of 2016, this journal uses article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Back to TopTop