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3,4-Dihydro-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-(nitromethyl)quinazolin-2(1H)-one

Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Uppsala Biomedical Center, Uppsala University, P. O. Box 574, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molbank 2015, 2015(3), M866; https://doi.org/10.3390/M866
Received: 30 April 2015 / Revised: 30 June 2015 / Accepted: 1 July 2015 / Published: 10 July 2015

Abstract

A one-pot, direct synthesis of 3,4-dihydro-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-(nitromethyl)quinazolin-2(1H)-one from methyl (2-formylphenyl)carbamate, ethanolamine and nitromethane in AcOH is reported. The reaction proceeds via a cascade three-component aza-Henry reaction under microwave irradiation and the title compound was characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and ESI/MS analysis.
Keywords: multicomponent reaction; aza-Henry; 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone multicomponent reaction; aza-Henry; 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone
The 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone structural motif is found in a number of pharmacologically active compounds that exhibit a broad spectrum of biological properties [1,2,3,4]. They have also been used as building blocks in the synthesis of 2-substituted 3,4-dihydroquinazolinones [5,6]. The aza-Henry (or nitro-Mannich) reaction is one of the most important tools for carbon–carbon bond formation that allows easy access to β-nitroamine derivatives, which are valuable building blocks in organic synthesis [7]. Wang and co-workers disclosed a thiourea-catalyzed asymmetric aza-Henry reaction with cyclic trifluoromethyl ketimines and extended the protocol for the synthesis of the anti-HIV drug, DPC-083 [8]. We realized that this important method has a limited scope for N-3 substitution and requires preparation and isolation of an imine intermediate prior to the aza-Henry reaction. To address this issue, we recently reported a microwave-assisted multicomponent protocol for the metal-free synthesis of substituted 3,4-dihydroquinazolinones using a novel cascade imine/cyclization/aza-Henry reaction [9]. As part of an ongoing project focusing on the development of an efficient synthesis of 3,4-dihydroquinazolinones, we required access to 3-hydroxyethyl 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone (2). Our proposed direct synthesis of 3,4-dihydro-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-(nitromethyl)quinazolin-2(1H)-one (2) was based on our cascade aza-Henry protocol. Herein, we report a one-pot three-component procedure for the synthesis of 2 using readily available methyl (2-formylphenyl)carbamate (1), ethanolamine and nitromethane under microwave irradiation (Scheme 1).
We initiated our synthesis of 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone 2 by a one-pot three step reaction between methyl (2-formylphenyl)carbamate (1), ethanolamine and nitromethane in acetic acid at 130 °C for 10 min under microwave irradiation. This afforded the desired alcohol product 2 in 56% yield along with 10% of an acetate side product due to the competing acylation reaction of alcohol 2 with acetic acid (Scheme 1). The ester side product may be subsequently transformed into the title product by simple basic hydrolysis. The reaction proceeds through the following three step cascade reaction sequence: (a) formation of an imine from ethanolamine and methyl (2-formylphenyl)carbamate; (b) concomitant intramolecular cyclization with carbamate to afford cyclic iminium ion I; and (c) finally, addition of nitromethane to iminium ion I gives the aza-Henry product 2 (Scheme 1). In summary, we report the direct synthesis and spectral characterization of a novel 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone.

Experimental Section

General

All reagents and chemicals were purchased and used as such without further purification unless otherwise stated. 1H and 13C NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian Mercury Plus at 400 and 100 MHz (Varian, Inc., Palo Alto, CA, USA), respectively, using CDCl3 as the solvent. Chemical shifts (δ) are reported in ppm and referenced indirectly to TMS via the solvent (or residual solvent) signal. Microwave reactions were performed in an Initiator single mode reactor producing controlled irradiation at 2450 MHz and the temperature was monitored via the built-in online infrared sensor. Microwave-mediated reactions were performed in sealed Pyrex process vials designed for 2–5 mL reaction volumes. LC/MS (Dionex Corporation, Sunnyville, CA, USA) was performed on an instrument equipped with a CP-Sil 8 CB capillary column (50 × 3.0 mm, particle size 2.6 μm, pore size 100 Å) operating at an ionization potential of 70 eV using a CH3CN/H2O gradient (0.05% HCOOH). Accurate mass values were determined on a mass spectrometer equipped with an electrospray and 7-T hybrid ion trap (LTQ) detector.

Experimental Procedure for the Preparation of 3,4-Dihydro-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-(nitromethyl)quinazolin-2(1H)-one (2)

A 2–5 mL Pyrex process vial was charged with aldehyde 1 (150 mg, 0.837 mmol), ethanolamine (102 mg, 1.67 mmol), nitromethane (153 mg, 2.51 mmol) and acetic acid (1 mL). The vial was sealed and subjected to microwave irradiation at 130 °C for 10 min. After being cooled to room temperature, the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by silica gel chromatography (90% EtOAc in n-pentane), to give compound 2 as a white solid (117 mg, 56%).
1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 7.51 (s, 1H), 7.29 (td, J = 7.7, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.15–7.08 (m, 1H), 7.02 (td, J = 7.5, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 5.26 (dd, J = 7.4, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 4.77 (dd, J = 12.0, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 4.51 (dd, J = 12.0, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 3.93–3.80 (m, 3H), 3.59–3.48 (m, 1H).
13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3) δ 156.4, 136.5, 130.1, 126.1, 123.2, 117.6, 114.6, 77.6, 62.2, 59.7, 51.0.
HRMS (ESI): Calcd for C11H14N3O4 [M + H]+ m/z 252.0984, found m/z 252.0991.
Copies of the 1H, 13C NMR and LCMS spectra for compound 2 are available in the supplementary information.

Supplementary materials

Supplementary File 1Supplementary File 2Supplementary File 3Supplementary File 4

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Faculty of Pharmacy, Uppsala University and the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation for financial support.

Author Contributions

R.T.S and M.Y.S performed the experimental work and all authors designed, wrote and edited the paper.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

References

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Scheme 1. Synthesis of 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone 2.
Scheme 1. Synthesis of 3,4-dihydroquinazolinone 2.
Molbank 2015 m866 sch001
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