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Article

Lipidomic Profile and Enzymes Activity in Hepatic Microsomes of Rats in Physiological and Pathological Conditions

1
Department of Bioaerosols, The Biological Threats Identification and Countermeasure Center of the General Karol Kaczkowski Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Lubelska 4 St, 24-100 Pulawy, Poland
2
Department of Bromatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Banacha 1, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Animal Nutrition, The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, Instytucka 3, 05-110 Jablonna, Poland
4
Department of Biotechnology and Nutrigenomics, Institute of Animal Genetics and Biotechnology of Polish Academy of Sciences, Postępu 36A Jastrzębiec, 05-552 Magdalenka, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giovanni Tarantino
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23(1), 442; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010442
Received: 10 December 2021 / Revised: 28 December 2021 / Accepted: 28 December 2021 / Published: 31 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymes and Mammalian Fatty Acid Metabolism)
Among the risk factors affecting the development of cancer, nutritional factors occupy a significant place. Pomegranate seed oil (PSO) and bitter melon extract (BME), used for ages in folk medicine, are nowadays used in the prevention of many diseases and as ingredients of dietary supplements. Despite numerous publications on these raw materials or their active substances, their mechanism of action in various pathological states has not been recognized yet, nor has the safety of their simultaneous use been evaluated. The study aimed to assess how dietary supplementation with either PSO, with BME, or both, affects fatty acids’ profiles and their metabolism in hepatic microsomes, as well as the activity of selected microsomal enzymes (COX-2 and CYP1B1). Experimental animals (Sprague-Dawley rats) were divided into eight parallel experimental groups, differing in applied dietary modifications (control, PSO, BME and both PSO and BME) and introduction of chemical carcinogen—7,12-dimethylbenz[a]nthracene. Obtained results indicated the pronounced effect of the cancerous process on lipid metabolism and demonstrated the antagonistic effect of applied dietary supplements on the content of individual fatty acids and the activity of CYP1B1 and COX-2. The applied broad analytical approach and chemometric data analysis confirmed that raw materials, for which potential cancer prevention has been previously demonstrated, may differ in effects depending on the coexisting pathological state. View Full-Text
Keywords: pomegranate seed oil; bitter melon extract; dietary supplements; fatty acids; COX-2; cytochrome P450; hepatic microsomes; SPRD rats pomegranate seed oil; bitter melon extract; dietary supplements; fatty acids; COX-2; cytochrome P450; hepatic microsomes; SPRD rats
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lepionka, T.; Białek, M.; Czauderna, M.; Szlis, M.; Białek, A. Lipidomic Profile and Enzymes Activity in Hepatic Microsomes of Rats in Physiological and Pathological Conditions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 442. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010442

AMA Style

Lepionka T, Białek M, Czauderna M, Szlis M, Białek A. Lipidomic Profile and Enzymes Activity in Hepatic Microsomes of Rats in Physiological and Pathological Conditions. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2022; 23(1):442. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010442

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lepionka, Tomasz, Małgorzata Białek, Marian Czauderna, Michał Szlis, and Agnieszka Białek. 2022. "Lipidomic Profile and Enzymes Activity in Hepatic Microsomes of Rats in Physiological and Pathological Conditions" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23, no. 1: 442. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010442

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