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Article

A Novel Carbon Dots/Thermo-Sensitive In Situ Gel for a Composite Ocular Drug Delivery System: Characterization, Ex-Vivo Imaging, and In Vivo Evaluation

1
Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, 103 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016, China
2
College of Pharmacy, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tomasz Pańczyk
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(18), 9934; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22189934
Received: 12 August 2021 / Revised: 7 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 14 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Applications of Carbon Nanostructures)
We developed a potential composite ocular drug delivery system for the topical administration of diclofenac sodium (DS). The novel carbon dot CDC-HP was synthesized by the pyrolysis of hyaluronic acid and carboxymethyl chitosan through a one-step hydrothermal method and then embedded in a thermosensitive in situ gel of poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 through swelling loading. The physicochemical characteristics of these carbon dots were investigated. The results of the in vitro release test showed that this composite ocular drug delivery system (DS-CDC-HP-Gel) exhibited sustained release for 12 h. The study of the ex vivo fluorescence distribution in ocular tissues showed that it could be used for bioimaging and tracing in ocular tissues and prolong precorneal retention. Elimination profiles in tears corresponded to the study of ex vivo fluorescence imaging. The area under the curve of DS in the aqueous humor in the DS-CDC-HP-Gel group was 3.45-fold that in the DS eye drops group, indicating a longer precorneal retention time. DS-CDC-HP with a positive charge and combined with a thermosensitive in situ gel might strengthen adherence to the corneal surface and prolong the ocular surface retention time to improve the bioavailability. This composite ocular delivery system possesses potential applications in ocular imaging and drug delivery. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon dots; thermosensitive in situ gel; composite ocular drug delivery; pharmacokinetics carbon dots; thermosensitive in situ gel; composite ocular drug delivery; pharmacokinetics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, L.; Pan, H.; Gu, D.; Sun, H.; Chen, K.; Tan, G.; Pan, W. A Novel Carbon Dots/Thermo-Sensitive In Situ Gel for a Composite Ocular Drug Delivery System: Characterization, Ex-Vivo Imaging, and In Vivo Evaluation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 9934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22189934

AMA Style

Wang L, Pan H, Gu D, Sun H, Chen K, Tan G, Pan W. A Novel Carbon Dots/Thermo-Sensitive In Situ Gel for a Composite Ocular Drug Delivery System: Characterization, Ex-Vivo Imaging, and In Vivo Evaluation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(18):9934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22189934

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Lijie, Hao Pan, Donghao Gu, Haowei Sun, Kai Chen, Guoxin Tan, and Weisan Pan. 2021. "A Novel Carbon Dots/Thermo-Sensitive In Situ Gel for a Composite Ocular Drug Delivery System: Characterization, Ex-Vivo Imaging, and In Vivo Evaluation" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 18: 9934. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22189934

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