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Effects of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate on Cell Viability, Differentiation, and Gene Expression of Adipocytes

1
Drug Discovery and Development Research Group, College of Pharmacy and Nutrition, University of Saskatchewan, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada
2
Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Ulm University Medical Center, Eythstr. 24, 89075 Ulm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(23), 9284; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21239284
Received: 29 October 2020 / Revised: 27 November 2020 / Accepted: 4 December 2020 / Published: 5 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Endocrinology and Metabolism)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a highly potent sphingolipid metabolite, which controls numerous physiological and pathological process via its extracellular and intracellular functions. The breast is mainly composed of epithelial cells (mammary gland) and adipocytes (stroma). Adipocytes play an important role in regulating the normal functions of the breast. Compared to the vast amount studies on breast epithelial cells, the functions of S1P in breast adipocytes are much less known. Thus, in the current study, we used human preadipocyte cell lines SGBS and mouse preadipocyte cell line 3T3-L1 as in vitro models to evaluate the effects of S1P on cell viability, differentiation, and gene expression in adipocytes. Our results showed that S1P increased cell viability in SGBS and 3T3-L1 preadipocytes but moderately reduced cell viability in differentiated SGBS and 3T3-L1 adipocytes. S1P was also shown to inhibit adipogenic differentiation of SGBS and 3T3-L1 at concentration higher than 1000 nM. Transcriptome analyses showed that S1P was more influential on gene expression in differentiated adipocytes. Furthermore, our network analysis in mature adipocytes showed that the upregulated DEGs (differentially expressed genes) were related to regulation of lipolysis, PPAR (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor) signaling, alcoholism, and toll-like receptor signaling, whereas the downregulated DEGs were overrepresented in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, focal adhesion, starch and sucrose metabolism, and nuclear receptors pathways. Together previous studies on the functions of S1P in breast epithelial cells, the current study implicated that S1P may play a critical role in modulating the bidirectional regulation of adipocyte-extracellular matrix-epithelial cell axis and maintaining the normal physiological functions of the breast. View Full-Text
Keywords: sphingosine-1-phosphate; preadipocyte; cell viability; adipocyte differentiation; gene expression; transcriptomics sphingosine-1-phosphate; preadipocyte; cell viability; adipocyte differentiation; gene expression; transcriptomics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, X.; Sakharkar, M.K.; Wabitsch, M.; Yang, J. Effects of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate on Cell Viability, Differentiation, and Gene Expression of Adipocytes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 9284. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21239284

AMA Style

Wu X, Sakharkar MK, Wabitsch M, Yang J. Effects of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate on Cell Viability, Differentiation, and Gene Expression of Adipocytes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(23):9284. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21239284

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Xiyuan, Meena K. Sakharkar, Martin Wabitsch, and Jian Yang. 2020. "Effects of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate on Cell Viability, Differentiation, and Gene Expression of Adipocytes" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 23: 9284. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21239284

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