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Magnetite Nanoparticles and Essential Oils Systems for Advanced Antibacterial Therapies

1
Department of Science and Engineering of Oxide Materials and Nanomaterials, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, University Politehnica of Bucharest, 1–7 Gheorghe Polizu Street, 011061 Bucharest, Romania
2
Microbiology-Immunology Department, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, 1–3 Portocalelor Lane, Sector 5, 77206 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(19), 7355; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21197355
Received: 11 August 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 30 September 2020 / Published: 5 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecules and Nanoparticles to Fight Resistant Pathogens)
Essential oils (EOs) have attracted considerable interest in the past few years, with increasing evidence of their antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and insecticidal effects. However, as they are highly volatile, the administration of EOs to achieve the desired effects is challenging. Therefore, nanotechnology-based strategies for developing nanoscaled carriers for their efficient delivery might offer potential solutions. Owing to their biocompatibility, biodegradability, low toxicity, ability to target a tissue specifically, and primary structures that allow for the attachment of various therapeutics, magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) are an example of such nanocarriers that could be used for the efficient delivery of EOs for antimicrobial therapies. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the use of EOs as antibacterial agents when coupled with magnetite nanoparticles (NPs), emphasizing the synthesis, properties and functionalization of such NPs to enhance their efficiency. In this manner, systems comprising EOs and MNPs could offer potential solutions that could overcome the challenges associated with biofilm formation on prosthetic devices and antibiotic-resistant bacteria by ensuring a controlled and sustained release of the antibacterial agents. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic-resistant bacteria; nanoscaled carriers; essential oils; magnetite nanoparticles; antibacterial nanotherapies antibiotic-resistant bacteria; nanoscaled carriers; essential oils; magnetite nanoparticles; antibacterial nanotherapies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mihai, A.D.; Chircov, C.; Grumezescu, A.M.; Holban, A.M. Magnetite Nanoparticles and Essential Oils Systems for Advanced Antibacterial Therapies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 7355. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21197355

AMA Style

Mihai AD, Chircov C, Grumezescu AM, Holban AM. Magnetite Nanoparticles and Essential Oils Systems for Advanced Antibacterial Therapies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(19):7355. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21197355

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mihai, Antonio D., Cristina Chircov, Alexandru M. Grumezescu, and Alina M. Holban. 2020. "Magnetite Nanoparticles and Essential Oils Systems for Advanced Antibacterial Therapies" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 19: 7355. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21197355

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