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Article

DispHred: A Server to Predict pH-Dependent Order–Disorder Transitions in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins

Institut de Biotecnologia i Biomedicina and Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors contributed equally.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(16), 5814; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21165814
Received: 25 July 2020 / Revised: 10 August 2020 / Accepted: 11 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
The natively unfolded nature of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) relies on several physicochemical principles, of which the balance between a low sequence hydrophobicity and a high net charge appears to be critical. Under this premise, it is well-known that disordered proteins populate a defined region of the charge–hydropathy (C–H) space and that a linear boundary condition is sufficient to distinguish between folded and disordered proteins, an approach widely applied for the prediction of protein disorder. Nevertheless, it is evident that the C–H relation of a protein is not unalterable but can be modulated by factors extrinsic to its sequence. Here, we applied a C–H-based analysis to develop a computational approach that evaluates sequence disorder as a function of pH, assuming that both protein net charge and hydrophobicity are dependent on pH solution. On that basis, we developed DispHred, the first pH-dependent predictor of protein disorder. Despite its simplicity, DispHred displays very high accuracy in identifying pH-induced order/disorder protein transitions. DispHred might be useful for diverse applications, from the analysis of conditionally disordered segments to the synthetic design of disorder tags for biotechnological applications. Importantly, since many disorder predictors use hydrophobicity as an input, the here developed framework can be implemented in other state-of-the-art algorithms. View Full-Text
Keywords: intrinsically disordered proteins; pH; bioinformatics; disorder prediction; conditional folding; machine learning intrinsically disordered proteins; pH; bioinformatics; disorder prediction; conditional folding; machine learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santos, J.; Iglesias, V.; Pintado, C.; Santos-Suárez, J.; Ventura, S. DispHred: A Server to Predict pH-Dependent Order–Disorder Transitions in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 5814. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21165814

AMA Style

Santos J, Iglesias V, Pintado C, Santos-Suárez J, Ventura S. DispHred: A Server to Predict pH-Dependent Order–Disorder Transitions in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(16):5814. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21165814

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santos, Jaime, Valentín Iglesias, Carlos Pintado, Juan Santos-Suárez, and Salvador Ventura. 2020. "DispHred: A Server to Predict pH-Dependent Order–Disorder Transitions in Intrinsically Disordered Proteins" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 16: 5814. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21165814

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