Neonatal ischemic stroke has a higher incidence than childhood stroke. Seizures are the first sign for the need for clinical assessment in neonates, but many questions remain regarding treatments and follow-up modalities. In the absence of a known pathophysiological mechanism, only supportive care is currently provided. Stroke-induced microglia activation and neuroinflammation are believed to play a central role in the pathological progression of neonatal ischemic stroke. We induced a photothrombotic infarction with Rose Bengal in neonatal rats to investigate the effects of pre- and post-treatment with Aspirin (ASA), Clopidogrel (Clop), and Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), which are known for their neuroprotective effects in adult stroke. Pre-stroke medication ameliorates cerebral ischemic injury and reduces infarct volume by reducing microglia activation, cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and cytokine release. Post-stroke administration of ASA, Clop, and CoQ10 increased motor function and reduced the volume of infarction, and the statistical evidence was stronger than that seen in the pre-stroke treatment. In this study, we demonstrated that ASA, Clop, and CoQ10 treatment before and after the stroke reduced the scope of stroke lesions and increased behavioral activity. It suggests that ASA, Clop, and CoQ10 medication could significantly have neuroprotective effects in the neonates who have suffered strokes.
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