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The Physics of Entropic Pulling: A Novel Model for the Hsp70 Motor Mechanism

Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900, USA
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(9), 2334; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20092334
Received: 5 April 2019 / Revised: 6 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 11 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Chaperones 2.0)
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Abstract

Hsp70s use ATP to generate forces that disassemble protein complexes and aggregates, and that translocate proteins into organelles. Entropic pulling has been proposed as a novel mechanism, distinct from the more familiar power-stroke and Brownian ratchet models, for how Hsp70s generate these forces. Experimental evidence supports entropic pulling, but this model may not be well understood among scientists studying these systems. In this review we address persistent misconceptions regarding the dynamics of proteins in solution that contribute to this lack of understanding, and we clarify the basic physics of entropic pulling with some simple analogies. We hope that increased understanding of the entropic pulling mechanism will inform future efforts to characterize how Hsp70s function as motors, and how they coordinate with their regulatory cochaperones in mechanochemical cycles that transduce the energy of ATP hydrolysis into physical changes in their protein substrates. View Full-Text
Keywords: chaperones; Hsp70; Hsp110; entropic pulling; power-stroke; brownian ratchet; DISAGGREGATION; motor proteins; J cochaperones; protein translocation chaperones; Hsp70; Hsp110; entropic pulling; power-stroke; brownian ratchet; DISAGGREGATION; motor proteins; J cochaperones; protein translocation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sousa, R.; Lafer, E.M. The Physics of Entropic Pulling: A Novel Model for the Hsp70 Motor Mechanism. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 2334.

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