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Candidate Gene Selection for Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) through Whole Mitochondrial Genome Sequencing

1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2,* and 1,2,*
1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Growth and Developmental Regulation for Protected Vegetable Crops, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
2
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, China Agricultural University, No. 2 Yuanmingyuan Xi Lu, Haidian District, Beijing 100193, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(3), 578; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20030578
Received: 7 January 2019 / Revised: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 22 January 2019 / Published: 29 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Genetics and Genomics)
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Abstract

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), which is controlled by mitochondrial genes, is an important trait for commercial hybrid seed production. So far, genes controlling this trait are still not clear in pepper. In this study, complete mitochondrial genomes were sequenced and assembled for the CMS line 138A and its maintainer line 138B. The genome size of 138A is 504,210 bp, which is 8618 bp shorter than that of 138B. Meanwhile, more than 214 and 215 open reading frames longer than 100 amino acids (aas) were identified in 138A and 138B, respectively. Mitochondrial genome structure of 138A was quite different from that of 138B, indicating the existence of recombination and rearrangement events. Based on the mitochondrial genome sequence and structure variations, mitochondrion of 138A and FS4401, a Korean origin CMS line, may have inherited from a common female ancestor, but their CMS traits did originate separately. Candidate gene selection was performed according to the published characteristics of the CMS genes, including the presence SNPs and InDels, located in unique regions, their chimeric structure, co-transcription, and transmembrane domain. A total of 35 ORFs were considered as potential candidate genes and 14 of these were selected, with orf300a and 0rf314a as strong candidates. A new marker, orf300a, was developed which did co-segregate with the CMS trait. View Full-Text
Keywords: cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS); pepper (Capsicum annuum L.); mitochondria; CMS-associated gene cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS); pepper (Capsicum annuum L.); mitochondria; CMS-associated gene
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Wang, P.; Lu, Q.; Ai, Y.; Wang, Y.; Li, T.; Wu, L.; Liu, J.; Cheng, Q.; Sun, L.; Shen, H. Candidate Gene Selection for Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) through Whole Mitochondrial Genome Sequencing. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 578.

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