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Open AccessArticle

Renal Chemerin Expression is Induced in Models of Hypertensive Nephropathy and Glomerulonephritis and Correlates with Markers of Inflammation and Fibrosis

1
Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital of Erlangen, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
2
Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, University Hospital of Erlangen, 91054 Erlangen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(24), 6240; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246240
Received: 25 October 2019 / Revised: 8 December 2019 / Accepted: 9 December 2019 / Published: 11 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Kidney Inflammation, Injury and Regeneration)
Chemerin and its receptor, chemokine-like receptor 1 (CmklR1), are associated with chemotaxis, inflammation, and endothelial function, especially in metabolic syndrome, coronary heart disease, and hypertension. In humans, circulating chemerin levels and renal function show an inverse relation. So far, little is known about the potential role of chemerin in hypertensive nephropathy and renal inflammation. Therefore, we determined systemic and renal chemerin levels in 2-kidney-1-clip (2k1c) hypertensive and Thy1.1 nephritic rats, respectively, to explore the correlation between chemerin and markers of renal inflammation and fibrosis. Immunohistochemistry revealed a model-specific induction of chemerin expression at the corresponding site of renal damage (tubular vs. glomerular). In both models, renal expression of chemerin (RT-PCR, Western blot) was increased and correlated positively with markers of inflammation and fibrosis. In contrast, circulating chemerin levels remained unchanged. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that renal chemerin expression is associated with processes of inflammation and fibrosis-related to renal damage. However, its use as circulating biomarker of renal inflammation seems to be limited in our rat models. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemerin; CmklR1; 2-kidney-1-clip; 2k1c; Thy1.1 nephritis; renovascular hypertension; renal inflammation; renal injury; renal fibrosis chemerin; CmklR1; 2-kidney-1-clip; 2k1c; Thy1.1 nephritis; renovascular hypertension; renal inflammation; renal injury; renal fibrosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mocker, A.; Hilgers, K.F.; Cordasic, N.; Wachtveitl, R.; Menendez-Castro, C.; Woelfle, J.; Hartner, A.; Fahlbusch, F.B. Renal Chemerin Expression is Induced in Models of Hypertensive Nephropathy and Glomerulonephritis and Correlates with Markers of Inflammation and Fibrosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246240

AMA Style

Mocker A, Hilgers KF, Cordasic N, Wachtveitl R, Menendez-Castro C, Woelfle J, Hartner A, Fahlbusch FB. Renal Chemerin Expression is Induced in Models of Hypertensive Nephropathy and Glomerulonephritis and Correlates with Markers of Inflammation and Fibrosis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(24):6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246240

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mocker, Alexander; Hilgers, Karl F.; Cordasic, Nada; Wachtveitl, Rainer; Menendez-Castro, Carlos; Woelfle, Joachim; Hartner, Andrea; Fahlbusch, Fabian B. 2019. "Renal Chemerin Expression is Induced in Models of Hypertensive Nephropathy and Glomerulonephritis and Correlates with Markers of Inflammation and Fibrosis" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 24: 6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246240

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