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Open AccessArticle

IGF-1 Inhibits Apoptosis of Porcine Primary Granulosa Cell by Targeting Degradation of BimEL

National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding, and Reproduction of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(21), 5356;
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 1 September 2019 / Accepted: 4 September 2019 / Published: 28 October 2019
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is an intra-ovarian growth factor that plays important endocrine or paracrine roles during ovarian development. IGF-1 affects ovarian function and female fertility through reducing apoptosis of granulosa cells, yet the underlying mechanism remains poorly characterized. Here, we aimed to address these knowledge gaps using porcine primary granulosa cells and examining the anti-apoptotic mechanisms of IGF-1. IGF-1 prevented the granulosa cell from apoptosis, as shown by TUNEL and Annexin V/PI detection, and gained the anti-apoptotic index, the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax. This process was partly mediated by reducing the pro-apoptotic BimEL (Bcl-2 Interacting Mediator of Cell Death-Extra Long) protein level. Western blotting showed that IGF-1 promoted BimEL phosphorylation through activating p-ERK1/2, and that the proteasome system was responsible for degradation of phosphorylated BimEL. Meanwhile, IGF-1 enhanced the Beclin1 level and the rate of LC3 II/LC3 I, indicating that autophagy was induced by IGF-1. By blocking the proteolysis processes of both proteasome and autophagy flux with MG132 and chloroquine, respectively, the BimEL did not reduce and the phosphorylated BimEL protein accumulated, thereby indicating that both proteasome and autophagy pathways were involved in the degradation of BimEL stimulated by IGF-1. In conclusion, IGF-1 inhibited porcine primary granulosa cell apoptosis via degradation of pro-apoptotic BimEL. This study is critical for us to further understand the mechanisms of follicular survival and atresia regulated by IGF-1. Moreover, it provides a direction for the treatment of infertility caused by ovarian dysplasia, such as polycystic ovary syndrome and the improvement of assisted reproductive technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: IGF-1; BimEL; phosphorylation; apoptosis; autophagy IGF-1; BimEL; phosphorylation; apoptosis; autophagy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, Y.; Wang, S.; Wang, Y.; Zeng, S. IGF-1 Inhibits Apoptosis of Porcine Primary Granulosa Cell by Targeting Degradation of BimEL. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 5356.

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