Cells of Microcystis
are associated with heterotrophic bacteria and organized in colonies in natural environment, which are basic elements in the mass occurrence of cyanobacterial species. Analyzing these colonies by using metagenomics is helpful to understand species composition and relationship. Meanwhile, the difference in population abundance among Microcystis
colonies could be used to recover genome bins from metagenome assemblies. Herein, we designed a pipeline to obtain high-quality genomes of mutualistic bacteria from single natural Microcystis
colonies. Single colonies were lysed, and then amplified by using multiple displacement amplification to overcome the DNA quantity limit. A two-step assembly was performed after sequencing and scaffolds were grouped into putative bins based on their differential-coverage among species. We analyzed six natural colonies of three prevailing Microcystis
species from Lake Taihu. Clustering results proved that colonies of the same species were similar in the microbial community composition. Eight putative population genome bins with wide bacterial diversity and different GC content were identified based on coverage difference among colonies. At the phylum level, proteobacteria was the most abundant besides cyanobacteria. Six of the population bins were further refined into nearly complete genomes (completeness > 90%).
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