Targeting Mitochondrial Fission Using Mdivi-1 in A Clinically Relevant Large Animal Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Pilot Study
AbstractBackground: New treatments are needed to reduce myocardial infarct size (MI) and prevent heart failure (HF) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI), which are the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Studies in rodent AMI models showed that genetic and pharmacological inhibition of mitochondrial fission, induced by acute ischemia and reperfusion, reduced MI size. Whether targeting mitochondrial fission at the onset of reperfusion is also cardioprotective in a clinically-relevant large animal AMI model remains to be determined. Methods: Adult pigs (30–40 kg) were subjected to closed-chest 90-min left anterior descending artery ischemia followed by 72 h of reperfusion and were randomized to receive an intracoronary bolus of either mdivi-1 (1.2 mg/kg, a small molecule inhibitor of the mitochondrial fission protein, Drp1) or vehicle control, 10-min prior to reperfusion. The left ventricular (LV) size and function were both assessed by transthoracic echocardiography prior to AMI and after 72 h of reperfusion. MI size and the area-at-risk (AAR) were determined using dual staining with Tetrazolium and Evans blue. Heart samples were collected for histological determination of fibrosis and for electron microscopic analysis of mitochondrial morphology. Results: A total of 14 pigs underwent the treatment protocols (eight control and six mdivi-1). Administration of mdivi-1 immediately prior to the onset of reperfusion did not reduce MI size (MI size as % of AAR: Control 49.2 ± 8.6 vs. mdivi-1 50.5 ± 11.4; p = 0.815) or preserve LV systolic function (LV ejection fraction %: Control 67.5 ± 0.4 vs. mdivi-1 59.6 ± 0.6; p = 0.420), when compared to vehicle control. Similarly, there were no differences in mitochondrial morphology or myocardial fibrosis between mdivi-1 and vehicle control groups. Conclusion: Our pilot study has shown that treatment with mdivi-1 (1.2 mg/kg) at the onset of reperfusion did not reduce MI size or preserve LV function in the clinically-relevant closed-chest pig AMI model. A larger study, testing different doses of mdivi-1 or using a more specific Drp1 inhibitor are required to confirm these findings. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ong, S.-B.; Kwek, X.-Y.; Katwadi, K.; Hernandez-Resendiz, S.; Crespo-Avilan, G.E.; Ismail, N.I.; Lin, Y.-H.; Yap, E.P.; Lim, S.-Y.; Ja, K.P.M.M.; Ramachandra, C.J.; Tee, N.; Toh, J.J.; Shim, W.; Wong, P.; Cabrera-Fuentes, H.A.; Hausenloy, D.J. Targeting Mitochondrial Fission Using Mdivi-1 in A Clinically Relevant Large Animal Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3972.
Ong S-B, Kwek X-Y, Katwadi K, Hernandez-Resendiz S, Crespo-Avilan GE, Ismail NI, Lin Y-H, Yap EP, Lim S-Y, Ja KPMM, Ramachandra CJ, Tee N, Toh JJ, Shim W, Wong P, Cabrera-Fuentes HA, Hausenloy DJ. Targeting Mitochondrial Fission Using Mdivi-1 in A Clinically Relevant Large Animal Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Pilot Study. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(16):3972.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ong, Sang-Bing; Kwek, Xiu-Yi; Katwadi, Khairunnisa; Hernandez-Resendiz, Sauri; Crespo-Avilan, Gustavo E.; Ismail, Nur I.; Lin, Ying-Hsi; Yap, En P.; Lim, Song-Yi; Ja, K P.M.M.; Ramachandra, Chrishan J.; Tee, Nicole; Toh, Jin J.; Shim, Winston; Wong, Philip; Cabrera-Fuentes, Hector A.; Hausenloy, Derek J. 2019. "Targeting Mitochondrial Fission Using Mdivi-1 in A Clinically Relevant Large Animal Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Pilot Study." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 16: 3972.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.