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Quantitative Structure–Retention Relationships with Non-Linear Programming for Prediction of Chromatographic Elution Order

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan 48-513, Korea
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Medical University of Gdańsk, Al. Gen. Hallera 107, 80-416 Gdańsk, Poland
3
Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117543, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(14), 3443; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20143443
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 7 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
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Abstract

In this work, we employed a non-linear programming (NLP) approach via quantitative structure–retention relationships (QSRRs) modelling for prediction of elution order in reversed phase-liquid chromatography. With our rapid and efficient approach, error in prediction of retention time is sacrificed in favor of decreasing the error in elution order. Two case studies were evaluated: (i) analysis of 62 organic molecules on the Supelcosil LC-18 column; and (ii) analysis of 98 synthetic peptides on seven reversed phase-liquid chromatography (RP-LC) columns with varied gradients and column temperatures. On average across all the columns, all the chromatographic conditions and all the case studies, percentage root mean square error (%RMSE) of retention time exhibited a relative increase of 29.13%, while the %RMSE of elution order a relative decrease of 37.29%. Therefore, sacrificing %RMSE(tR) led to a considerable increase in the elution order predictive ability of the QSRR models across all the case studies. Results of our preliminary study show that the real value of the developed NLP-based method lies in its ability to easily obtain better-performing QSRR models that can accurately predict both retention time and elution order, even for complex mixtures, such as proteomics and metabolomics mixtures. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantitative structure-retention relationships (QSRR); chromatography; reversed phase-liquid chromatography (RP-LC); elution order prediction; non-linear programming (NLP) quantitative structure-retention relationships (QSRR); chromatography; reversed phase-liquid chromatography (RP-LC); elution order prediction; non-linear programming (NLP)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, J.J.; Alipuly, A.; Bączek, T.; Wong, M.W.; Žuvela, P. Quantitative Structure–Retention Relationships with Non-Linear Programming for Prediction of Chromatographic Elution Order. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3443.

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