Next Article in Journal
In Vivo Analysis of miR-34a Regulated Glucose Metabolism Related Genes in Megalobrama amblycephala
Next Article in Special Issue
The Dead Can Nurture: Novel Insights into the Function of Dead Organs Enclosing Embryos
Previous Article in Journal
Recent Advances by In Silico and In Vitro Studies of Amyloid-β 1-42 Fibril Depicted a S-Shape Conformation
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Novel Mutation of OsPPDKB, Encoding Pyruvate Orthophosphate Dikinase, Affects Metabolism and Structure of Starch in the Rice Endosperm
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(8), 2416; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082416

Long-Term Effects of Cold on Growth, Development and Yield of Narrow-Leaf Lupine May Be Alleviated by Seed Hydropriming or Butenolide

1
Department of Plant Physiology, University of Agriculture, Podłużna 3, 30-239 Kraków, Poland
2
Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Kraków, Poland
3
Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Genetics, Strzeszyńska 34, 60-479 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2018 / Revised: 2 August 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 16 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Seed Development, Dormancy and Germination)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2586 KB, uploaded 16 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

In this article, the effects of cold on the development of Lupine angustifolius and the possibility of mitigating it, via seed hydropriming or pre-treatment with butenolide (10−6 M–10−4 M), are investigated in two cultivars, differing in their ability to germinate at low temperature. Physiological background of plant development after cold stress was investigated in imbibed seeds. For the first four weeks, the seedlings grew at 7 °C or 13 °C. Seeds well germinating at 7 °C demonstrated higher activity of α-amylase and higher levels of gibberellins, IAA and kinetin. Germination ability at low temperature correlated with dehydrogenase activity and membrane permeability. Seed pre-treatment improved germination at low temperature by decreasing abscisic acid content. Seed hydropriming alleviated cold effects on plant development rate and yield, while butenolide accelerated vegetative development but delayed the generative phase. Potential seed yield may be predicted based on the seed germination vigour and the photosynthetic efficiency measured before flowering. View Full-Text
Keywords: amylase; butenolide; cell membrane permeability; chlorophyll a fluorescence; cold; dehydrogenase; growth development phases; Lupinus angustifolius; narrow-leaf lupine; phytohormones; seed germination amylase; butenolide; cell membrane permeability; chlorophyll a fluorescence; cold; dehydrogenase; growth development phases; Lupinus angustifolius; narrow-leaf lupine; phytohormones; seed germination
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Płażek, A.; Dubert, F.; Kopeć, P.; Dziurka, M.; Kalandyk, A.; Pastuszak, J.; Waligórski, P.; Wolko, B. Long-Term Effects of Cold on Growth, Development and Yield of Narrow-Leaf Lupine May Be Alleviated by Seed Hydropriming or Butenolide. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2416.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top