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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(5), 1543; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19051543

Frizzled Receptors as Potential Therapeutic Targets in Human Cancers

1
Guangdong Key Laboratory for Genome Stability & Disease Prevention, Department of Pharmacology and Carson International Cancer Research Centre, Shenzhen University School of Medicine, Shenzhen 518060, China
2
Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Gastro-Intestinal Pathophysiology, Zhejiang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 12 May 2018 / Accepted: 19 May 2018 / Published: 22 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer-Driver G Protein-Coupled Receptors as Therapeutic Targets)
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Abstract

Frizzled receptors (FZDs) are a family of seven-span transmembrane receptors with hallmarks of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that serve as receptors for secreted Wingless-type (WNT) ligands in the WNT signaling pathway. Functionally, FZDs play crucial roles in regulating cell polarity, embryonic development, cell proliferation, formation of neural synapses, and many other processes in developing and adult organisms. In this review, we will introduce the basic structural features and review the biological function and mechanism of FZDs in the progression of human cancers, followed by an analysis of clinical relevance and therapeutic potential of FZDs. We will focus on the development of antibody-based and small molecule inhibitor-based therapeutic strategies by targeting FZDs for human cancers. View Full-Text
Keywords: frizzled receptors; WNT signaling pathway; cancer therapy; antibody; small molecule inhibitor frizzled receptors; WNT signaling pathway; cancer therapy; antibody; small molecule inhibitor
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zeng, C.-M.; Chen, Z.; Fu, L. Frizzled Receptors as Potential Therapeutic Targets in Human Cancers. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1543.

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