Novel Targets for Treating Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in the Liver
AbstractLiver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major complication of hemorrhagic shock, liver transplantation, and other liver surgeries. It is one of the leading causes for post-surgery hepatic dysfunction, always leading to morbidity and mortality. Several strategies, such as low-temperature reperfusion and ischemic preconditioning, are useful for ameliorating liver IRI in animal models. However, these methods are difficult to perform in clinical surgeries. It has been reported that the activation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) protects the liver against IRI, but with unidentified direct target gene(s) and unclear mechanism(s). Recently, FAM3A, a direct target gene of PPARγ, had been shown to mediate PPARγ’s protective effects in liver IRI. Moreover, noncoding RNAs, including LncRNAs and miRNAs, had also been reported to play important roles in the process of hepatic IRI. This review briefly discussed the roles and mechanisms of several classes of important molecules, including PPARγ, FAM3A, miRNAs, and LncRNAs, in liver IRI. In particular, oral administration of PPARγ agonists before liver surgery or liver transplantation to activate hepatic FAM3A pathways holds great promise for attenuating human liver IRI. View Full-Text
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Yang, W.; Chen, J.; Meng, Y.; Chen, Z.; Yang, J. Novel Targets for Treating Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in the Liver. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1302.
Yang W, Chen J, Meng Y, Chen Z, Yang J. Novel Targets for Treating Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in the Liver. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(5):1302.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Weili; Chen, Ji; Meng, Yuhong; Chen, Zhenzhen; Yang, Jichun. 2018. "Novel Targets for Treating Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in the Liver." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 5: 1302.
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