Proinflammatory Markers, Chemokines, and Enkephalin in Patients Suffering from Dry Eye Disease
AbstractDry eye symptoms are among the leading complaints in ophthalmology. Dry eye disease (DED) is associated with significant pain affecting quality of life. Cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying ocular pain associated with DED are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the ocular surface of patients with DED using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) to quantify corneal nerve density and its relation with corneal inflammation. Gene expression of the proinflammatory markers HLA-DR, IL-6, CXCL12, and CCL2 and the receptors CXCR4 and CCR2, as well as PENK (enkephalin precursor), was therefore quantified in conjunctival impression cytology specimens. Thirty-two patients with DED and 15 age-matched controls were included. Subbasal nerve density was significantly lower in DED patients compared to controls. IVCM analysis revealed that DED patients had a significantly higher corneal dendritic cell density compared to controls. Conjunctival impression cytology analysis revealed that HLA-DR, IL-6, CXCR4, and CCL2/CCR2 mRNA levels were significantly increased in DED patients compared to controls, whereas PENK mRNA levels were significantly decreased. Similar results were obtained in vitro on immortalized human conjunctiva-derived epithelial cells challenged with osmotic stress that mimics the DED condition. These results demonstrate that proinflammatory molecules and endogenous enkephalin have opposite gene regulation during DED. View Full-Text
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Nicolle, P.; Liang, H.; Reboussin, E.; Rabut, G.; Warcoin, E.; Brignole-Baudouin, F.; Melik-Parsadaniantz, S.; Baudouin, C.; Labbe, A.; Reaux-Le Goazigo, A. Proinflammatory Markers, Chemokines, and Enkephalin in Patients Suffering from Dry Eye Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1221.
Nicolle P, Liang H, Reboussin E, Rabut G, Warcoin E, Brignole-Baudouin F, Melik-Parsadaniantz S, Baudouin C, Labbe A, Reaux-Le Goazigo A. Proinflammatory Markers, Chemokines, and Enkephalin in Patients Suffering from Dry Eye Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(4):1221.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nicolle, Pierre; Liang, Hong; Reboussin, Elodie; Rabut, Ghislaine; Warcoin, Elise; Brignole-Baudouin, Françoise; Melik-Parsadaniantz, Stéphane; Baudouin, Christophe; Labbe, Antoine; Reaux-Le Goazigo, Annabelle. 2018. "Proinflammatory Markers, Chemokines, and Enkephalin in Patients Suffering from Dry Eye Disease." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 4: 1221.
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