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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(3), 806; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19030806

Recombination Events Involving the atp9 Gene Are Associated with Male Sterility of CMS PET2 in Sunflower

Institut für Biowissenschaften, Abt. Pflanzengenetik, Universität Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Straße 3, D-18059 Rostock, Germany
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Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 5 March 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 11 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Mitochondria)
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Abstract

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) systems represent ideal mutants to study the role of mitochondria in pollen development. In sunflower, CMS PET2 also has the potential to become an alternative CMS source for commercial sunflower hybrid breeding. CMS PET2 originates from an interspecific cross of H. petiolaris and H. annuus as CMS PET1, but results in a different CMS mechanism. Southern analyses revealed differences for atp6, atp9 and cob between CMS PET2, CMS PET1 and the male-fertile line HA89. A second identical copy of atp6 was present on an additional CMS PET2-specific fragment. In addition, the atp9 gene was duplicated. However, this duplication was followed by an insertion of 271 bp of unknown origin in the 5′ coding region of the atp9 gene in CMS PET2, which led to the creation of two unique open reading frames orf288 and orf231. The first 53 bp of orf288 are identical to the 5′ end of atp9. Orf231 consists apart from the first 3 bp, being part of the 271-bp-insertion, of the last 228 bp of atp9. These CMS PET2-specific orfs are co-transcribed. All 11 editing sites of the atp9 gene present in orf231 are fully edited. The anther-specific reduction of the co-transcript in fertility-restored hybrids supports the involvement in male-sterility based on CMS PET2. View Full-Text
Keywords: atp9; cytoplasmic male sterility; CMS PET1; CMS PET2; Helianthus annuus; plant mitochondria; recombination; RNA-editing; respiration atp9; cytoplasmic male sterility; CMS PET1; CMS PET2; Helianthus annuus; plant mitochondria; recombination; RNA-editing; respiration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Reddemann, A.; Horn, R. Recombination Events Involving the atp9 Gene Are Associated with Male Sterility of CMS PET2 in Sunflower. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 806.

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