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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(3), 654; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19030654

Formation and Change of Chloroplast-Located Plant Metabolites in Response to Light Conditions

1
Tea Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences & Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tea Plant Resources Innovation and Utilization, Guangzhou 510640, China
2
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany & Key Laboratory of South China Agricultural Plant Molecular Analysis and Genetic Improvement, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 January 2018 / Revised: 22 February 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photosynthesis)
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Abstract

Photosynthesis is the central energy conversion process for plant metabolism and occurs within mature chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are also the site of various metabolic reactions involving amino acids, lipids, starch, and sulfur, as well as where the production of some hormones takes place. Light is one of the most important environmental factors, acting as an essential energy source for plants, but also as an external signal influencing their growth and development. Plants experience large fluctuations in the intensity and spectral quality of light, and many attempts have been made to improve or modify plant metabolites by treating them with different light qualities (artificial lighting) or intensities. In this review, we discuss how changes in light intensity and wavelength affect the formation of chloroplast-located metabolites in plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosynthesis; chloroplast; light intensity; light wavelength; metabolite; photosynthesis biosynthesis; chloroplast; light intensity; light wavelength; metabolite; photosynthesis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, Y.; Zhou, B.; Li, J.; Tang, H.; Tang, J.; Yang, Z. Formation and Change of Chloroplast-Located Plant Metabolites in Response to Light Conditions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 654.

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