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Review

Similarities and Differences between Silver Ions and Silver in Nanoforms as Antibacterial Agents

1
Department of Microbiology, Institute of Genetics and Microbiology, University of Wrocław, 51-148 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Immunology of Infectious Diseases, Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, 53-114 Wrocław, Poland
3
Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, 50-422 Wrocław, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 444; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020444
Received: 2 December 2017 / Revised: 14 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 2 February 2018
Silver is considered as antibacterial agent with well-known mode of action and bacterial resistance against it is well described. The development of nanotechnology provided different methods for the modification of the chemical and physical structure of silver, which may increase its antibacterial potential. The physico-chemical properties of silver nanoparticles and their interaction with living cells differs substantially from those of silver ions. Moreover, the variety of the forms and characteristics of various silver nanoparticles are also responsible for differences in their antibacterial mode of action and probably bacterial mechanism of resistance. The paper discusses in details the aforementioned aspects of silver activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: silver ions; silver nanoparticles; silver nanocompounds; nanotechnology; mode of action; resistance of bacteria silver ions; silver nanoparticles; silver nanocompounds; nanotechnology; mode of action; resistance of bacteria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kędziora, A.; Speruda, M.; Krzyżewska, E.; Rybka, J.; Łukowiak, A.; Bugla-Płoskońska, G. Similarities and Differences between Silver Ions and Silver in Nanoforms as Antibacterial Agents. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 444. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020444

AMA Style

Kędziora A, Speruda M, Krzyżewska E, Rybka J, Łukowiak A, Bugla-Płoskońska G. Similarities and Differences between Silver Ions and Silver in Nanoforms as Antibacterial Agents. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(2):444. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020444

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kędziora, Anna, Mateusz Speruda, Eva Krzyżewska, Jacek Rybka, Anna Łukowiak, and Gabriela Bugla-Płoskońska. 2018. "Similarities and Differences between Silver Ions and Silver in Nanoforms as Antibacterial Agents" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 19, no. 2: 444. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020444

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