Next Article in Journal
The Spanish Ion Channel Initiative (SICI) Consortium: Ten Years (2008–2018) of a Network of Excellence on Ion Channel Research
Next Article in Special Issue
Electrospun Water-Borne Polyurethane Nanofibrous Membrane as a Barrier for Preventing Postoperative Peritendinous Adhesion
Previous Article in Journal
Genomic and Transcriptomic Analysis of Hypercholesterolemic Rabbits: Progress and Perspectives
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Thermal Vibration-Induced Rotation of Nano-Wheel: A Molecular Dynamics Study

School of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
Centre for Innovative Structures and Materials, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
School of Engineering, the Australian National University, Canberra 2600, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(11), 3513;
Received: 13 October 2018 / Revised: 2 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bio- and Nano-Materials and Their Interfaces)
PDF [4211 KB, uploaded 8 November 2018]


By bending a straight carbon nanotube and bonding both ends of the nanotube, a nanoring (or nano-wheel) is produced. The nanoring system can be driven to rotate by fixed outer nanotubes at room temperature. When placing some atoms at the edge of each outer tube (the stator here) with inwardly radial deviation (IRD), the IRD atoms will repulse the nanoring in their thermally vibration-induced collision and drive the nanoring to rotate when the repulsion due to IRD and the friction with stators induce a non-zero moment about the axis of rotational symmetry of the ring. As such, the nanoring can act as a wheel in a nanovehicle. When the repulsion is balanced with the intertubular friction, a stable rotational frequency (SRF) of the rotor is achieved. The results from the molecular dynamics simulation demonstrate that the nanowheel can work at extremely low temperature and its rotational speed can be adjusted by tuning temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanotube; nanomachine; thermal vibration; molecular dynamics carbon nanotube; nanomachine; thermal vibration; molecular dynamics

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Duan, H.; Shi, J.; Cai, K.; Qin, Q.-H. Thermal Vibration-Induced Rotation of Nano-Wheel: A Molecular Dynamics Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3513.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top