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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(1), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19010089

The Dark Side of IFN-γ: Its Role in Promoting Cancer Immunoevasion

1
Division of Pathogenic Biochemistry, Institute of Natural Medicine, University of Toyama, Sugitani 2630, Toyama 930-0194, Japan
2
Division of Cell Biology, Biomedical Research Center, Graduate School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan
3
Department of Biofunctional Microbiota, Graduate School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 26 December 2017 / Accepted: 26 December 2017 / Published: 28 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tumor Microenvironment)
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Abstract

Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is a pleiotropic cytokine that has long been praised as an important effector molecule of anti-tumor immunity, capable of suppressing tumor growth through various mechanisms. On the contrary to such a bright side of IFN-γ, it has also been involved in promoting an outgrowth of tumor cells with immunoevasive phenotype suggesting an existence of a dark “tumor-promoting” side effect of IFN-γ. In this review, we will summarize this multi-functional role of IFN-γ in tumor context, how it promotes changes in tumor phenotype towards increased fitness for growth in immunocompetent host. Furthermore, we summarize how IFN-γ is involved in homeostatic or cancer-triggered mechanisms to establish an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. View Full-Text
Keywords: IFN-γ; tumorigenesis; tumor immunogenicity; immune suppression IFN-γ; tumorigenesis; tumor immunogenicity; immune suppression
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Mojic, M.; Takeda, K.; Hayakawa, Y. The Dark Side of IFN-γ: Its Role in Promoting Cancer Immunoevasion. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 89.

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