CFTR-NHERF2-LPA2 Complex in the Airway and Gut Epithelia
AbstractThe cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP- and cGMP-regulated chloride (Cl−) and bicarbonate (HCO3−) channel localized primarily at the apical plasma membrane of epithelial cells lining the airway, gut and exocrine glands, where it is responsible for transepithelial salt and water transport. Several human diseases are associated with altered CFTR channel function. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by the absence or dysfunction of CFTR channel activity, resulting from mutations in the gene. Secretory diarrhea is caused by the hyperactivation of CFTR channel activity in the gastrointestinal tract. CFTR is a validated target for drug development to treat CF, and extensive research has been conducted to develop CFTR inhibitors for therapeutic interventions of secretory diarrhea. The intracellular processing, trafficking, apical membrane localization, and channel function of CFTR are regulated by dynamic protein–protein interactions in a complex network. In this paper, we review the current knowledge of a macromolecular complex of CFTR, Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 2 (NHERF2), and lysophosphatidic acids (LPA) receptor 2 (LPA2) at the apical plasma membrane of airway and gut epithelial cells, and discuss its relevance in human physiology and diseases. We also explore the possibilities of targeting this complex to fine tune CFTR channel activity, with a hope to open up new avenues to develop novel therapies for CF and secretory diarrhea. View Full-Text
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Zhang, W.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Naren, A.P. CFTR-NHERF2-LPA2 Complex in the Airway and Gut Epithelia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1896.
Zhang W, Zhang Z, Zhang Y, Naren AP. CFTR-NHERF2-LPA2 Complex in the Airway and Gut Epithelia. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(9):1896.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Weiqiang; Zhang, Zhihong; Zhang, Yanhui; Naren, Anjaparavanda P. 2017. "CFTR-NHERF2-LPA2 Complex in the Airway and Gut Epithelia." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 9: 1896.
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