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p53 Expression as a Diagnostic Biomarker in Ulcerative Colitis-Associated Cancer

1
Pathology Division, Gifu University Hospital, Gifu 501-1194, Japan
2
Department of Tumor Pathology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan
3
Department of Gastroenterology/Internal Medicine, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan
4
Department of Diagnostic Pathology (DDP) & Research Center of Diagnostic Pathology (RC-DiP), Gifu Municipal Hospital, 7-1. Kashima-tyo, Gifu 500-8513, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(6), 1284; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18061284
Received: 27 April 2017 / Revised: 10 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 June 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inflammation and Cancer)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is defined as an idiopathic inflammatory disorder primarily involving the mucosa and submucosa of the colon. UC-associated colon cancers (also known as colitic cancers) develop through the inflammation–dysplasia sequence, which is a major problem affecting the prognosis of patients with UC. It is therefore very important to detect malignancy from UC at an early stage. As precancerous lesions arising in UC, there are pathological adenomatous changes, basal cell changes, in situ anaplasia, clear cell changes, and pan-cellular change. It is considered that the mutation of the p53 gene plays a crucial role, and the protein expression of p53 in dysplastic crypts may serve as a good biomarker in the early stages of UC-associated colon carcinogenesis. Immunohistochemistry for p53 is a very valuable diagnostic tool in UC-associated colon cancers. However, protein expression of p53 is not always universal, and additional methods may be required to assess p53 status in UC-associated colon cancers. View Full-Text
Keywords: ulcerative colitis; p53; dysplasia; colitic cancer ulcerative colitis; p53; dysplasia; colitic cancer
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Kobayashi, K.; Tomita, H.; Shimizu, M.; Tanaka, T.; Suzui, N.; Miyazaki, T.; Hara, A. p53 Expression as a Diagnostic Biomarker in Ulcerative Colitis-Associated Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1284.

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