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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(11), 2436;

Calcium-Dependent Protein Kinases in Phytohormone Signaling Pathways

State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, Key Laboratory for Research and Utilization of Heterosis in Indica Rice, the Ministry of Agriculture, The Yangtze River Valley Hybrid Rice Collaboration & Innovation Center, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2017 / Revised: 7 November 2017 / Accepted: 12 November 2017 / Published: 20 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Mechanisms in Plant Senescence)
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Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CPKs/CDPKs) are Ca2+-sensors that decode Ca2+ signals into specific physiological responses. Research has reported that CDPKs constitute a large multigene family in various plant species, and play diverse roles in plant growth, development, and stress responses. Although numerous CDPKs have been exhaustively studied, and many of them have been found to be involved in plant hormone biosynthesis and response mechanisms, a comprehensive overview of the manner in which CDPKs participate in phytohormone signaling pathways, regulating nearly all aspects of plant growth, has not yet been undertaken. In this article, we reviewed the structure of CDPKs and the mechanism of their subcellular localization. Some CDPKs were elucidated to influence the intracellular localization of their substrates. Since little work has been done on the interaction between CDPKs and cytokinin signaling pathways, or on newly defined phytohormones such as brassinosteroids, strigolactones and salicylic acid, this paper mainly focused on discussing the integral associations between CDPKs and five plant hormones: auxins, gibberellins, ethylene, jasmonates, and abscisic acid. A perspective on future work is provided at the end. View Full-Text
Keywords: CDPKs; auxins; gibberellins; ethylene; jasmonates; abscisic acid; phytohormones CDPKs; auxins; gibberellins; ethylene; jasmonates; abscisic acid; phytohormones

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Xu, W.; Huang, W. Calcium-Dependent Protein Kinases in Phytohormone Signaling Pathways. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2436.

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