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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(7), 1071;

Protonation Sites, Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Computational Calculations of o-Carbonyl Carbazolequinone Derivatives

Programa Institucional de Fomento a la Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana, Las Palmeras 3360, Casilla 9845, Santiago 7800003, Chile
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Las Palmeras 3425, Casilla 653, Santiago 7800003, Chile
Unidad de Espectrometría de Masas, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile, Santos Dumont 964, Casilla 233, Santiago 8380494, Chile
Instituto de Química de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Av. Lircay s/n, Casilla 747, Talca 3460000, Chile
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Habil. Mihai V. Putz
Received: 3 May 2016 / Revised: 10 June 2016 / Accepted: 28 June 2016 / Published: 5 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemical Bond and Bonding 2016)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3747 KB, uploaded 5 July 2016]   |  


A series of a new type of tetracyclic carbazolequinones incorporating a carbonyl group at the ortho position relative to the quinone moiety was synthesized and analyzed by tandem electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI/MS-MS), using Collision-Induced Dissociation (CID) to dissociate the protonated species. Theoretical parameters such as molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), local Fukui functions and local Parr function for electrophilic attack as well as proton affinity (PA) and gas phase basicity (GB), were used to explain the preferred protonation sites. Transition states of some main fragmentation routes were obtained and the energies calculated at density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP level were compared with the obtained by ab initio quadratic configuration interaction with single and double excitation (QCISD). The results are in accordance with the observed distribution of ions. The nature of the substituents in the aromatic ring has a notable impact on the fragmentation routes of the molecules. View Full-Text
Keywords: quinones; mass spectrometry; carbazole; DFT; QCISD quinones; mass spectrometry; carbazole; DFT; QCISD

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Martínez-Cifuentes, M.; Clavijo-Allancan, G.; Zuñiga-Hormazabal, P.; Aranda, B.; Barriga, A.; Weiss-López, B.; Araya-Maturana, R. Protonation Sites, Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Computational Calculations of o-Carbonyl Carbazolequinone Derivatives. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1071.

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