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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(6), 901;

A High Diet Quality Based on Dietary Recommendations Is Not Associated with Lower Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort

Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Clinical Research Centre, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Malmö SE-20502, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vicki Flood
Received: 30 March 2016 / Revised: 25 May 2016 / Accepted: 2 June 2016 / Published: 8 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nutritional Epidemiology)
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A high diet quality index based on Swedish nutrition recommendations has previously been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC) cohort. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this diet quality index was associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes. Of 26,868 participants (44–74 years) in the MDC cohort study, 3838 type 2 diabetes cases were identified from registers during 17 years of follow-up. A diet quality index (from a modified diet history method) was constructed based on adherence to the recommended intakes of saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, fish, fiber, fruit and vegetables, and sucrose. After adjusting for potential confounders, we observed no significant association between the diet quality index and type 2 diabetes risk. The HR for the highest vs. lowest index category was 1.06 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.20; p-trend = 0.56). Because of the protective associations shown for cardiovascular disease and mortality, the specific dietary components that were chosen to represent adherence to the recommendations may be less applicable to type 2 diabetes risk. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet index; dietary pattern; type 2 diabetes; cohort diet index; dietary pattern; type 2 diabetes; cohort
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Mandalazi, E.; Drake, I.; Wirfält, E.; Orho-Melander, M.; Sonestedt, E. A High Diet Quality Based on Dietary Recommendations Is Not Associated with Lower Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 901.

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