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Open AccessArticle

A ‘High Risk’ Lifestyle Pattern Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome among Qatari Women of Reproductive Age: A Cross-Sectional National Study

1
Public Health Department, Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Al Rumaila West, 42 Doha, Qatar
2
Health Promotion and Non Communicable Disease Prevention Division, Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Al Rumaila West, 42 Doha, Qatar
3
Nutrition and Food Sciences Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, P.O. BOX 11-0.236, Riad El Solh, 11072020 Beirut, Lebanon
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Vicki Flood
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(6), 698; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17060698
Received: 25 March 2016 / Revised: 18 April 2016 / Accepted: 29 April 2016 / Published: 2 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nutritional Epidemiology)
This study investigated the effect of lifestyle patterns, as a combination of diet, physical activity and smoking, on Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among Qatari women of childbearing age (n = 418), a population group particularly vulnerable to the health sequela of this syndrome. Using data from the National WHO STEPwise survey conducted in Qatar in 2012, Principal Component Factor Analysis was performed to derive lifestyle patterns with survey variables related to the frequency of consumption of 13 foods/food groups, physical activity levels, and smoking status. MetS was diagnosed using ATPIII criteria. Three lifestyle patterns were identified: ‘High Risk’ pattern, characterized by intakes of fast foods, sweets and sugar sweetened beverages, in addition to lower levels of physical activity and higher smoking prevalence; ‘Prudent’ pattern, driven mainly by higher intakes of fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains; and ‘Traditional’ pattern which included beans, meat, dairy products, and a low prevalence of smoking. Among these three lifestyle patterns, only the ‘High Risk’ was associated with MetS, whereby subjects belonging to the third tertile of this pattern’s score had 2.5 times the odds of MetS compared to those belonging to the first tertile. The findings of this study demonstrated the synergy among high risk behaviors among Qatari women in increasing the odds of MetS; the latter being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: lifestyle patterns; metabolic syndrome; factor analysis; women of childbearing age; nutritional epidemiology lifestyle patterns; metabolic syndrome; factor analysis; women of childbearing age; nutritional epidemiology
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Al Thani, M.; Al Thani, A.A.; Al-Chetachi, W.; Al Malki, B.; Khalifa, S.A.H.; Haj Bakri, A.; Hwalla, N.; Nasreddine, L.; Naja, F. A ‘High Risk’ Lifestyle Pattern Is Associated with Metabolic Syndrome among Qatari Women of Reproductive Age: A Cross-Sectional National Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 698.

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