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Mast Cell Tryptase Contributes to Pancreatic Cancer Growth through Promoting Angiogenesis via Activation of Angiopoietin-1

Department of Forensic Medicine, Shanxi Medical University, 56 South Xinjian Road, Taiyuan 030001, China
Pathologic Department of People’s Hospital of Shanxi Province, 29 Shuang-ta Street, Taiyuan 030012, China
Forensic Science Identification Center, No. 109 Hospital of Shanxi Province, 9 Tai-bao Street, Taiyuan 030006, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Li Yang
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(6), 834;
Received: 26 April 2016 / Revised: 19 May 2016 / Accepted: 24 May 2016 / Published: 27 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tumor Microenvironment and Metabolism)
Pancreatic cancer is a highly lethal malignancy and one of the leading causes of cancer-related death. During the development and progression of cancer, tumor angiogenesis plays a crucial role. A great deal of evidence has revealed that human mast cells (MCs) contributed to tumor angiogenesis through releasing several pro-angiogenetic factors, among which tryptase is one of the most active. However, the role of mast cell tryptase (MCT) in human pancreatic cancer angiogenesis is still not well documented. In this study, we examined the MCT levels in serum from pancreatic cancer patients and evaluated the correlationship of the MCT level and tumor angiogenesis. In addition, the effect of MCT on endothelial cell proliferation and tube formation was investigated both in vitro and in nude mice bearing pancreatic tumor. It was found that MCT contributes to endothelial cell growth and tube formation via up-regulation of angiopoietin-1 expression. Moreover, using the MCT inhibitor nafamostat, tryptase-induced angiogenesis was obviously suppressed both in vitro and in vivo. Our findings suggest that MCT plays an important role in pancreatic cancer angiogenesis and tumor growth via activating the angiopoietin-1 pathway, and tryptase inhibitors may be evaluated as an effective anti-angiogenetic approach in pancreatic cancer therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: mast cell tryptase; pancreatic cancer; angiogenesis; angiopoietin-1 mast cell tryptase; pancreatic cancer; angiogenesis; angiopoietin-1
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Guo, X.; Zhai, L.; Xue, R.; Shi, J.; Zeng, Q.; Gao, C. Mast Cell Tryptase Contributes to Pancreatic Cancer Growth through Promoting Angiogenesis via Activation of Angiopoietin-1. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 834.

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