is an important human and animal pathogen. To better understand the genetic features and evolution of S. agalactiae
, multiple factors influencing synonymous codon usage patterns in S. agalactiae
were analyzed in this study. A- and U-ending rich codons were used in S. agalactiae
function genes through the overall codon usage analysis, indicating that Adenine (A)/Thymine (T) compositional constraints might contribute an important role to the synonymous codon usage pattern. The GC3% against the effective number of codon (ENC) value suggested that translational selection was the important factor for codon bias in the microorganism. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that (i) mutational pressure was the most important factor in shaping codon usage of all open reading frames (ORFs) in the S. agalactiae
genome; (ii) strand specific mutational bias was not capable of influencing the codon usage bias in the leading and lagging strands; and (iii) gene length was not the important factor in synonymous codon usage pattern in this organism. Additionally, the high correlation between tRNA adaptation index (tAI) value and codon adaptation index (CAI), frequency of optimal codons (Fop) value, reinforced the role of natural selection for efficient translation in S. agalactiae.
Comparison of synonymous codon usage pattern between S. agalactiae
and susceptible hosts (human and tilapia) showed that synonymous codon usage of S. agalactiae
was independent of the synonymous codon usage of susceptible hosts. The study of codon usage in S. agalactiae
may provide evidence about the molecular evolution of the bacterium and a greater understanding of evolutionary relationships between S. agalactiae
and its hosts.
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