Next Article in Journal
miR-92a-3p Exerts Various Effects in Glioma and Glioma Stem-Like Cells Specifically Targeting CDH1/β-Catenin and Notch-1/Akt Signaling Pathways
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Ganodermanondiol, a New Melanogenesis Inhibitor from the Medicinal Mushroom Ganoderma lucidum
Previous Article in Special Issue
Chemical Structure-Biological Activity Models for Pharmacophores’ 3D-Interactions
Open AccessArticle

Molecular Dynamic Studies of the Complex Polyethylenimine and Glucose Oxidase

Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Kurpinskiego 5, 85-096 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, 400028 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Laboratory of Structural and Computational Physical-Chemistry for Nanosciences and QSAR, Biology-Chemistry Department, West University of Timisoara, Str. Pestalozzi No. 16, 300115 Timisoara, Romania
Laboratory of Renewable Energies-Photovoltaics, R&D National Institute for Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter (INCEMC), Dr. A. Paunescu Podeanu Str. No. 144, 300569 Timisoara, Romania
Department of Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guido R. M. M. Haenen
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(11), 1796;
Received: 29 July 2016 / Revised: 18 October 2016 / Accepted: 20 October 2016 / Published: 27 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Eco, Bio, and Pharmaco-Toxicity 2016)
Glucose oxidase (GOx) is an enzyme produced by Aspergillus, Penicillium and other fungi species. It catalyzes the oxidation of β-d-glucose (by the molecular oxygen or other molecules, like quinones, in a higher oxidation state) to form d-glucono-1,5-lactone, which hydrolyses spontaneously to produce gluconic acid. A coproduct of this enzymatic reaction is hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). GOx has found several commercial applications in chemical and pharmaceutical industries including novel biosensors that use the immobilized enzyme on different nanomaterials and/or polymers such as polyethylenimine (PEI). The problem of GOx immobilization on PEI is retaining the enzyme native activity despite its immobilization onto the polymer surface. Therefore, the molecular dynamic (MD) study of the PEI ligand (C14N8_07_B22) and the GOx enzyme (3QVR) was performed to examine the final complex PEI-GOx stabilization and the affinity of the PEI ligand to the docking sites of the GOx enzyme. The docking procedure showed two places/regions of major interaction of the protein with the polymer PEI: (LIG1) of −5.8 kcal/mol and (LIG2) of −4.5 kcal/mol located inside the enzyme and on its surface, respectively. The values of enthalpy for the PEI-enzyme complex, located inside of the protein (LIG1) and on its surface (LIG2) were computed. Docking also discovered domains of the GOx protein that exhibit no interactions with the ligand or have even repulsive characteristics. The structural data clearly indicate some differences in the ligand PEI behavior bound at the two places/regions of glucose oxidase. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyethylenimine (PEI); 3QVR; glucose oxidase (GOx); docking; molecular dynamics polyethylenimine (PEI); 3QVR; glucose oxidase (GOx); docking; molecular dynamics
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Szefler, B.; Diudea, M.V.; Putz, M.V.; Grudzinski, I.P. Molecular Dynamic Studies of the Complex Polyethylenimine and Glucose Oxidase. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1796.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

Back to TopTop