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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(10), 1547;

Histone Posttranslational Modifications of CD4+ T Cell in Autoimmune Diseases

Department of Dermatology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410011, China
Division of Rheumatology & Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Masatoshi Maki
Received: 2 August 2016 / Revised: 7 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 September 2016 / Published: 22 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
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The complexity of immune system is tempered by precise regulation to maintain stabilization when exposed to various conditions. A subtle change in gene expression may be magnified when drastic changes are brought about in cellular development and function. Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) timely alter the functional activity of immune system, and work proceeded in these years has begun to throw light upon it. Posttranslational modifications of histone tails have been mentioned in a large scale of biological developments and disease progression, thereby making them a central field to investigate. Conventional assessments of these changes are centered on the transcription factors and cytokines in T cells regulated by variable histone codes to achieve chromatin remodeling, as well as involved in many human diseases, especially autoimmune diseases. We here put forward an essential review of core posttranslational modulations that regulate T cell function and differentiation in the immune system, with a special emphasis on histone modifications in different T helper cell subsets as well as in autoimmune diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: posttranslational modification (PTM); histone modifications; T cell; autoimmune diseases posttranslational modification (PTM); histone modifications; T cell; autoimmune diseases

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, Z.; Yin, H.; Lau, C.S.; Lu, Q. Histone Posttranslational Modifications of CD4+ T Cell in Autoimmune Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1547.

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